Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/69

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JONES

common operations incident to pai- turition.

His primary education was obtained in local schools. At the age of twenty he studied medicine with his uncle, Dr. Gibson, of Boston, and then enter- ed New York University from which, when twenty-four, he obtained the M. D. degree, and in 18.31 was appoint- ed teacher of practical medicine and therapeutics in the Eclectic School at Worthington, (Jhio, a position held until 1834.

He was tall, very slender; had brown hair, irregular features, and a rather erect carriage. To the stranger his manner was austere and his expression rather that of melancholy, incident perhaps to discomfort from dyspepsia, from Avhich he suffered almost con- stantly for many years prior to his death.

Through his own suffering he became almost a fanatic on the subject of diet, and often restricted his jiatients so much that some of them said they were in greater danger from starvation than from their diseases.

He was a vigorous advocate for vaccination, which then as now was opposed by many swayed by pre- judice on the hope of notoriety. The opposition came mainly from practition- ers of his own school, and Dr. Jones joined the regulars in combating it. He believed that the immunity result- ing from thorough impregnation of the system with the vaccine virus is per- manent, and that when the first oper- ation is properly performed and the virus active, a second is never necessary — a failure of the first is evid- ence of lack of care in the performance of the operation, or of the inertness of the virus. In 1833 he married Cynthia Kilbourne, a daughter of Col. James Kilbourne, the founder of the village of Worthington. There were four chil- dren: Louisa, James Kilbourne, Emma, and Elizabeth.

Dr. Jones died in Columbus, Ohio, in 1857, from cancer of the stomach.


53 JONES


Through his lectures in the Eclectic school he naturally became interested in botany, writing several papers de- scriptive of indigenous plants and trees, of which the most notable, perhaps, is a description of the grasses of this region; and he prepared an herbarium of the flora of central Ohio, the only complete work of the kind of his time.

He wrote many papers on profes- sional subjects, and in 1853 published a voluminous work on "Practical Med- icine and Therapeutics,"' differing from ordinary works of the kind only in treatment, as it embraced the doc- trines of the Eclectic school.

S. L.

Biographical Sketch, Address to the Old Northwest Genealogical Soc, 190.3, by Starling Loving.

Jones, John (1729-1791).

This man of ordinary name was of some extraordinary aljility. He lived before the fashion of double-barrelled appellations and Thacher tells in pom- pous English how when " Some of the physicians of New York entered into a resolution to distinguish them- selves by a particular mode of dress- ing their hair John walked about l^lainly coiffed, refusing the " new- fashioned bob" and was cut in con- sultation for a while. But, neverthe- less, this clever young surgeon made his way.

He was born in Jamaica, Long Lsland, in 1729, his two grandfathers jihysicians, his father, Evan, one also. The latter married Mary Stephenson of New York and had four sons, John being the eldest, and very fortunate in all good opportunities for learning. First came medical tutelage under the famous Cadwallader of Philadelphia, then, in London he attended the lec- tures of John Hunter, and studied un- der Percival Pott; in Paris under the great French reformers. Petit and Le Dran, and in Edinburgh under the

'"Tlie American Eclectic Practice of Medicine," Cincinnati, 1S53-4.