# Page:Carroll - Game of Logic.djvu/27

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PROPOSITIONS.

the right, I begin by carefully collecting all the Cakes you have given me (saying to myself, from time to time, "Generous creature! How shall I ever repay such kindness?"), and piling them up in the left-hand compartment. And it doesn't take long to do it!

Here is another Universal Proposition for you. "Barzillai Beckalegg is an honest man." That means "All the Barzillai Beckaleggs, that I am now considering, are honest men." (You think I invented that name, now don't you? But I didn't. It's on a carrier's-cart, somewhere down in Cornwall.)

This kind of Universal Proposition (where the Subject is a single Thing) is called an 'Individual' Proposition.

Now let us take "nice Cakes" as the Subject of our Proposition: that is, let us fix our thoughts on the left-hand half of the cupboard, where all the Cakes have the attribute ${\displaystyle y}$, that is, "nice."

Suppose we find it marked like this:—
What would that tell us?

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I hope that it is not necessary, after explaining the horizontal oblong so fully, to spend much time over the upright one. I hope you will see, for yourself, that this means "some ${\displaystyle y}$ are ${\displaystyle x}$", that is,

"Some nice Cakes are new."

"But," you will say, "we have had this case before. You put a red counter into No. 5, and you told us it meant