Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 1.djvu/349

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ALFONSO 309 ALFRED 12 June, 1863. For many years the professor of sing- ing at the Englisli College in Home, he is n'membcrt'd chiefiy for his scientific writings and his collections of the music of the old masters. I'crhiips his most vaUiable work is his "Raccolta di Musica .Sacra" in seven large volumes, a reprint of the sixteenth- century churcli nuisic, mostly by Palestrina, which was supplemented by later and smaller collections, such as "K.xccrpta ex celebrioribus do musicA viris" (Rome, 18401, and "Uaccolta di Motetti" (Rome, 1841). On plain chant he published "Accompag- namento coll organo" (Rome, l.S4()); "Ristaliilmciilo del canto e doUa nuisica ccclesiastica" (Home, ISI.i); "Saggio storico del canto (ircgoriano" (Rome, 1S4.'J); "Prodromo sulla rcstaurazione de' libri di canto Gregoriano" (Rome, 18.57). He al.so translated into Italian Catel's "Trait<5 d'harnionie" and contributed to the "(iazzetta nuisicale di Milano" and other periodicals many articles on church music of great value to the student. Grove, Diet, oj Mutic ami Mu«hiixn«: Baker, Biog. Diet, of Musiciana. J. A. VSLKEn. Alfonso de Alcala. See Polyglot Bible. Alfonso de Zamora, a converted Spanish Rabbi, baptized l.')0(j; d. l.").'}!. He revi.scd the Hebrew text for Ximenes's Polyglot Bil>le, translated the Chaldee paraphrase in it, and added the sixth vol- ume. He piblishcd also a work called "Introduc- tioiios Hcbraica-" (.kala, l.'JiG). A. J. M..s. Alfonso of Burgos, b. of a nol)le family, in the city of that name; d. at Palencia, 8 December, 14S9. He Wius conspicuous for learning before iiis entrance into the Dominican order, early in life. His preaching attracted the notice of Ferdinand and Isabella, who selected him as royal confessor. On the recommcntlation of the latter, Alfori.so was ajv pointed to the .see of Cordova by Sixtus IV, 30 April, 1477. Remaining there only four years, lie was transferred to the Bishopric of C'uenoa, and in 1484, or according to dams (Series I'.pi.scoporum, p. 64) in 148G, to Palencia. At the same time he held suc- cessively the office of Grand Chaplain of the Court, Counsellor of the Catholic King, and President of the Council of CVstile. In the latter cajiacity he was instrumental in getting pecuniary grants from the crown for Cohnnbus. During the years 1487 and 1488 he obtained eight fhoasand pounds at various times for the fitting out of a fleet. In the absence of the king he exercised his right as President of the Council in giving orders for a payment of three thou- sand pounds to the discoverer. These duties did not hinder him from repairing many dila|)idated churches of his diocese. He built, out of his own revemic.v, the Dominican convent of St. Vincent Ferrer;;t Palencia, in 1480. He takes a high rank in the history of .Spanish education for completing the Collegium Snndi Gre(jiirii at Valladolid, liegun by King Alfonso the Wise (12.52-84). Posterity justly calls him the founder of this famous college of his order. TocRON, llommm iltut. de Vordre de St. Dominique, III, 693-1107; Mandonnet. Let dominienins <■( la dfcouverle de VAm&ri'iut (Purin. ISUS). IL'l »|i|.; .Navakrette, Coleeeion ie ton rnajef u deaenbrimientoa tjue nicim.n por mar log eKpai)nte» (Madri.l. 18:;.'i), II, 4 »qq.: La Fcente, Ilitloria de laa uni- veraiiladea, eoleniua u demda eatableeimientoa de rnaeHanza en EaimtUi (Madrid, ifes), II, 24, 25. Thos. M. Schwertneh. Alford, Michael, a Jesuit missionary in F.ngland during the Persecution, b. in London in 1.587; d. at St. Oiners, 11 August, 1G.52. His real name was Griffith, and he sometimes passed aa John Flood, the alia.ses being used to e-scapc detection. Ho entered the novitiate at Louvain, in 1007, studied philosophy in the F.nglish College at Seville and Uieology at Louvain, and was made u professed of the four vows (see Jesuits) in 1619. After his ordination, he was sent to Naples to minister to his fellow countrymen there, as well as to the British merchantmen and .sailors who frequented that port. From thence he was sent to Rome, where he filled the ofrice of Penitentiary from 1GI.5 to 1020. He then became Socius to the Master of Novices, and, subiscquently. Rector of the Society's College at Ghent. In 1628, he went over to England and, immediately on his arrival at Dover, was seized as a priest. When restored to liberty he went to Leicestershire, where he laboured for nearly thirty- three years. His principal hiding place was at Combe, in Hereford, where a subsequent search re- vealed a considerable library, most probably made use of by him in his writings. He wiis the author of many important works, especially of the famous "Annales Kcclesiastici et Civiles Britannorum, Saxo- nuni, et Anglorum." The " Britannia Illustrata" is attributed to him, but Sommervogel denies the authenticity of "The Admirable Life of St. Wine- fride", also ascribed to him. To complete his "Annales" he received permission to pass over to the continent, but on arriving at St. Omers he was attacked by a fever and died. E.voLisn Menology; Southwell; Paquot; De Backer, Bibtiothique de la e, de J ., I, 71; Foley, Recorda of the Engliah Province, II, 299-308. T. J. Campbell. Alfred, or JEUred, the Okkat, King of the West-Saxons, b. Wantage, Berkshire. lOiighmd, 849; d. 899, was the fifth son oi Kthelwulf, or -Kthelwulf. King of Wessex, and Osburh, his queen, of the royal hou.se of the Jutes of Wight. When he was four years old, according to a story which has been re- peated .so frequently that it is generally accepted as true, he was sent by his father to Rome, where he was anointed king by Pope Leo IV. This, however, like many other legends which have crystallized about the name of Alfred, is without foundation. Two years later, in 855, Etlielwulf went on a pil- grimage to Rome, taking Alfred witii him. This vi.sit, recorded by As.ser is accepted as authentic by moilem historians. In 858 Ethelwulf died and Wessex The Alfred Jewel W.1S governed by his sons. Kthelbald. F,thel1)ert, and Ethelred, succes-sively, until 871, when .Alfred came to the throne. Nothing is known of his movements during tlic reigns of Kthelbald antl Kthclbert. but A.s,ser. speaking of him during the reign of ICthelred, gives him the title of Secumlnrai.t. In SO.S he married Kalhswith, daughter of Ethelred, surnanie<l the Mickle, ICaldorman of the Gainas. The West- Saxons and the Mercians were then engaged in a war against the invading Danes and .Mfred took an active part in the struggle. He ascended the throne tluring the thickest of this conllict. but before the end of the year he succeeded in cITecting a peace,