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Molinism. In France, the scmiquietism of FC-nclon " ami Jeanne Guyon (q. v.) took from Molinos only the teaching of "pure love". Among the writings of Molinos niav be mentioned the following: (1) "La devocion tie la buena inuertc" (i)ublishecl at ^'aIencia, 1662, under the name of Juan Bautista Catald); (2) "La Ciuia espiritual" (published first in Italian, at Rome, 1675, then, in Spanish, at Madrid, 1(570), ap- proved by various theologians and by ('((U-siastical authority, so much so that twenty eilitimis iippcared in twelve vears, in Latin (1687), FrcMcli, ICnglish (1685), German (1699), etc.; (3) "Tratado de la Comuni6n cuotidiana" (1687).

Mex^xdez Pelvvo. fleterodoxos espafiole9, 11 (Madrid, 1S80), 559; Bl"RXET, Rerueil ties diterses piices concernartt le quiitiame (Amstenlam. 1688) ; Schabling. Zeilschrifl filr gach. theologische, XXIV. XXV (Hamburg and Gotha, 1855); Rafael Urbano, Cula Espiriluat (Barcelona, 9. d.) ; Regio. Clavis aurea qua aperiuntur crrortt Michatli) Molinos (Messina. 1687); G6mez, Biblioteca aniigua y nuera de escritores aragoneacs de Latassa . . . en forma de Diccionario bibliogrdftco-biogrdfico, II (Saragossa,

18S5), 32S. Antonio P£rez Govena.

Molitor, WiLHELM (pseudonyms, Ulric Riesler and Bexno Broxxer), poet, novelist, canonist and pubhcist, b. at Zweibrueeken in the Rhine Palatinate, 24 August, 1S19; d.atSpeyer, 11 January, ISSO, After studying philosophy and jurisprudence in Munich and Heidelberg (1836-40), he held various juridical posi- tions in the service of the State from 1843-9. But feeling himself called to the priesthood, the pious young jurist studied theology at Bonn (1849-51) and was ordained priest on l.'> March, 1851. In the same year he became secretary to Bishop Weis of Speycr; on 11 November, 1857, he was elected canon of the cathedral chapter and, soon after, appointed cuslos of the cathedral, and professor of archa;ology and homi- letics at the episcopal seminary. He took part in the consultations of the German bishops at Bamberg (1867),_Wurzburg (1868), and Fulda (1869). In 18()8 Pius IX summoned him to Rome as a consultor in the labours preparatory to the Vatican Council. From 1875-7 he was a member of the Bavarian Landtag. He was the chief promoter of the Catholic movement in the Palatinate, and advance<l the Catholic cause es- pecially by founding the "Pfiilzicher Prcssverein", the daily paper "Rheinpfalz" and the "Katholische Vereinsdruckerei". His pronounced ultramontane principles made him unaccei)table to the Bavarian Gov- ernment, which in consequence repeatedly prevented his election to the See of Speyer. He is the author of numerous poems, dramas, novels, sketches on the questions of the day, and a few juridical treatises. A collection of his poems was publushed in 1884; his "Domlieder" in 184(). His dramas are: "Kynast" (1844); "Maria Magdalena" (1863, 1874); "Das alte deutsche Handwerk" (1864); "Die Freigelassene Neros" (1865); "Claudia Procula" (1867); "Julian der Apostat" (1867); "Des Kaisers Guen.stling", a tragedy of the times of the martyrs (1874); "Die Blume von Sicilien" (1880, 1897); "Dramatische Spiele", containing the dramatic legend "Sankt Ursulas Rheinfahrt", the comedy "Die Villa bei Amalfi", and the dramatic tale "Schon Gundel" (1878); and his three festive plays, — "Weihnachts- baum" (1867), "Das Haus zu Nazareth" (1872), and "Die Weisen des Morgenlands" (1877). His novels

Caplan von Friedlingen" (1877); "Der Gast im Kyff- hauser" (1880). His juridical works are: "I'eber kanoni.sches Gericht.sverfahren gegen Clcriker" (1856); "Die Immunitiit des Domes zu .Speyer" (1859); "Die Decretale Per Vcnerahilem" (1876). He also wrote three volumes of sermons (1880-2); "Das Theater in seiner Bedeutung und in seiner gegenwiir- tigen Stellung" (1866); "Ueber Goethes Faust" <1869); "Brennende Fragen" (1874); "Die Gross-

macht der Presse" and "Die Organisation der Katho- lischen Presse " (1866) ; and a few other works of minor importance. In collaboration with Huelskamp he wrote "Papst Pius IX in seinem Leben und Wirken", 4thed. ( 1875) and in collaboration with Wii truer "Rom, Wegwci.ser durch die ewige Stadt " iImii.. IsTiii.

BuuMMKR in Allgemeine Deutsche Bii><j>.' ' III i ipzig, 1900). 138-10: Kehrein, Biographisch-lilli i r i I ,,: h,( der hUbolischeii Dichtzr, 2nd ed,, I (Wiirzburg, Ls, J;, _:i(i: li^, AUcund Neue yVeU, XV (New York, 1880), 408-11.

Michael Ott.

Molloy (O'MoLLOv), Francis, theologian, gram- marian, b. in King's County, Ireland, at the begin- ning of (he seventeenth century; d. at St. Lsidore's, Rome, about 1684. At an early age he entered the Franciscan Order, and in the year 1642 he was ap- pointed lecturer in philosophy at the college of Klos- terneuberg, near Vienna, and in 1645 passed to the chair of theology at Gratz. Here he published a Scotist work on the Incarnation.

About 1650 he was called to Rome and appointed primary professor of theology in the College of St. Isidore. During his residence in Rome he wrote sev- eral works on theological subjects and a long Latin poem on Prince Prosper Philip of Spain. In 1676 he published an Irish catechism under the title of "Lucerna Fideliura seu Fasciculus decerptus de Doctrina Chris- tiana". This work, in the Irish language and charac- ters, was printed at the office of the Congregation of the Propaganda, and was dedicated to Cardinal Al- tieri, Protector of Ireland. Father Molloy is best known as the author of the first Latin-Irish printed grammar (Grammatica Latino-Hibemica). This book also came from the press of the Propaganda (1677), and is dedicated to Cardinal Massimi, a great friend of the Irish. It is highly esteemed by writers on the Celtic languages, and is largely drawn upon by modern writers on Irish grammar.

Wadding-Sbaralea, Scriptores Ord. Mm. (Rome, 1806); O'Reillv, Irish Writers (Dublin, 1820); Brennan, Bed. History oj Ireland: Ryan. Worthies of Ireland (London, 1821); Ander- son, Historical Sketches of the Native Irish (London, 1846); Douglas Hyde, Literary History of Ireland (London. 1903); O'MoLLOY, Irish Prosody, tr. O'Flannghaile (Dublin, 1908).

Gregory Cleart.

Molloy, Gerald, theologian and scientist, b. at Mount Tallant House, near Dublin, 10 Sept., 1834; d. at Abenh-en, 1 Oct., 1906. Monsignor Alolloy was a distinguished priest and for many years a very popular and much admired figure in the intellectual life of Ireland. He was educated at Castleknock College, where he was very successful in his studies, and ^uhse(|uenlly went to Maynooth College. Here he applied liini.>ielf with enthusiasm to the study of theology and (lie physical sciences. In both depart- ments his record was a brilliant one. He was barely tweiity-lhree years of age when in 1857 he became pro- fes.sor of theology at Maynooth, and continued to Iiold that chair until 1874, when he accepted the professorship of natural philosophy at the Catholic University of Ireland. In 1883 he succeeded Dean Neville of Cork as Rector of the Catholic Univer- sity, which office he occupied up to the day of his death. The varied nature of Monsignor Molloy's work in connexion with Irish education is very strik- ing. He acted on the commission on manual train- ing in primary schools, and filled the post of assis- tant commissioner under the Educational Endowments Act. As early as 1880 he became a member of the Senate of the Royal University of Ireland, and re- mained so till 1882, when he was appointed to a fellowship in the same university. In 1890 he be- came a member of the governing board of that ins(i(u(ion and at the time of his death was its vice-chancellor. He was also a member of the hoard of Intermediate Education. As a lecturer and skilK?d experimentalist, Molloy was very successful in dealing with clifficult scientific subjects and rendering them