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MORAVIAN


564


MOREL


Briinn, 1892-8); Die Ssterrcicli. Monarchic in Wort u. Bild, XVII: Udkrm u. Schlenen (Vienna, 1S97) ; Pbokop, Mahrcn in kunsl- geschichtL Bcziehung (4 vola., Bnlnn, 1904): Dvorak. Gcsch. dcr Markgra/schaft Mahrcn (BrUnn, 1906) : Zeilschr. des deutschm Vcr. far Gcsch. Mahrcm u. Schlesiens (1897).

Joseph Lins. Moravian Brethren. See Bohemi.^n Brethren.

Morazzone, II. See Mazzuchelli, Piktro

Frantesco.

Morcelli, Stefano Antonio, an Italian Jesuit and It-arned opigraphist; b. 17 January, 1737, at Chiari near Bre.scia; d. there 1 January, 1822. He Btudied at the Jesuit College of Brescia and was ad- mitted into the Society of Jesus, 3 Nov., 1753. He successively taught grammar at Fermo, humanities at Ragusa, and oratory at the Roman College where he cstaljli.shcd an academy of archaeology at the Kir- cher Musoimi. After the suppression of the Society of Jesus (1773) he became librarian to Cardinal Al- bani and in 1791 was appointed to a provostship in his native town. He declined the offer of the Arch- bishopric of Ragusa and died a member of the re- stored Society of Jesus. He owes his fame not only to his extensive knowledge of ancient inscriptions, but also to his classical Latinity. Among his numer- ous works the following may be mentioned: (1) "De stilo inscriptionum latinarum" (Rome, 1781); (2) "Inscriptiones commentariis subjectis" (Rome, 1783) — to a second edition of these two works was added the "Parergon Inscriptionum novissimarum" (Padua, 1818—22); (3) "^ilTivoXSyLov tuv EvayycXiwv copTaffTiKui' sive Kalendarium Ecclesiae Constantinopolitanse " etc. (Rome, 1788); (4) "Africa Christiana" (Brescia, 1816-7); (5) "OpuscoU Ascetici" (Brescia, 1819 or 1820).

SoMliEHVOOEL, BiU. de la C. de Jesus, V, 1290-1305 (Paria. 1894).

N. A. Weber.

More, Helen (Dame Gertrude), Benedictine nun of the English Congregation; b. at Low Leyton, Essex, England, 2.5 March, 1606; d. at Cambrai, France, 17 August, 1633. Her father, Cresacre More, was great-grandson of Blessed Thomas More; her mother, Elizabeth Gage, was sister of Sir John Gage, Baronet, of Firle, Sussex, lord chamberlain to Queen Mary. Her mother dying at an early age, Helen's care and education now devolved upon her father. By persuasion of Dom Bcnet Jones, O.S.B., she joined his projected foundation at Cambrai, and was first among nine postulants admitted to the order, 31 Dec, 1623, but vacillation of mind so disquieted her novitiate, that only with the greatest hesitation she pronounced her vows on 1 January, 1625; nor was she even then quite free from scruples and temptations, until she had availed herself of Dom Augustine Baker's prudent guidance. A year or two later, having now become Dame Gertrude, learning from him the use of affective prayer, a complete change was wrought in her; rapidly advancing in the interior life, she became a source of edification to the infant community, and, in 1629, when a choice of abbess must be made, her name, conjointly with that of Catharine Gascoigne, was sent to Rome for a dispensation on point of age. Catharine was eventually chosen, but Gertrude was always honoured as chief foundress. Supporting her abbess by lifelong devotion, promoting peace and good obsjervance, she was universally beloved. None suffered more nor with more edifying fortitude than Dame Gertrude, under a heavy trial to which the community wa.s subjected through interference of the vicar, Dom F. Hull, with lather Baker's teachings. Later, doubts arising ;is (o her mode of prayer, formal inquiry was made, resulting in approval at t"he General Chapter in 1033, during the sessions of which, how- ever, (Jertrude was attacked by small-pox and died a peaceful death.


Some papers found after her death and arranged by Father Biikor, were afterwards published in two 8ep:ir;it(- works: one entitled "The Holy I'r:ictices of a Divine Lover, or the Sainctly Ideol's Devotions" (Paris, 16,57); the other, " Conf essiones Amantis", or "Spiritual Exercises", or "Ideot's Devotions", to which was prefixed her "Apology" for herself and for her spiritual guide (Paris, 1658), both recently re- published.

Bakkh. Life and Death of Dame Gertrude More (MS., written aoou after her death — very rare) ; Weld-Blu.ndell. Inner Life and Writings of D. Gertrude More (2 vols., London, 1910); Swee- ney, Life and Spirit of Father Baker (London, 1861): Weldon, Chronological Notes (Stanbrook, 1881); Lane- Fox, introduction to his edition of The Holy Practices of a Divine Lover (Fort- Augustua, 1908).

E. B. Weld-Blundell.

More, Henrt, great-grandson of the martyred English chancellor; b., 1586; d. at Watten in 1661. Having studied at St. Omer and Valladolid, he entered the Society of Jesus, and after his profession, and ful- filling various subordinate posts in the colleges, he was sent on the English Mission where he was twice ar- rested and imprisoned (1632, 1640), while acting as chaplain to John, the first Lord Petre. He became provincial in 1635, and in that capacity had a good deal to do with the negotiations of Panz.ani, Conn, and Rossetti, the papal agents at the court of Queen Henrietta Maria. He was rector of St. Omer in 1649-1652, and again in 1657-1660. During these latter years he wrote his important history of the English Jesuits: "Historia Missionis Anglicans, ab annoMDLXXXad MDCXXXV" (St. Omer, 1660, fol.). Besides translating Jerome Flatus's "Happi- ness of the Religious State" (1632), and the "Manual of Meditations" by Thomas de Villa Castin (1618), he wrote "Vita et Doctrina Christi Domini in medita- tioncs quotidianas per annum digesta" (Antwerp, 1649), followed by an English version, entitled, "Life and Doctrines of our Saviour Jesus Christ" (Ghent, 1656, in two parts; London, 1880).

FoLEV, Records of the English Province S. J., VII, 518; Morris, Life of Father John Gerard (London, 1881).

J. H. Pollen.

More, Sir Thomas. See Thomas More, Blessed.

Morel, Gall, a poet, scholar, aesthete, and edu- cationist, b. at St. Fiden, Switzerland, on 24 March, 1803; d. at the Abbey of Einsiedeln on 16 December, 1872. His baptismal name was Benedict, but in the monastery he took the name of Gall. In 1814, he entered the gymnasium at St. Gall. A pilgrimage to Einsiedeln in 1817 influenced him deeply, and soon afterwards he entered the monastery school as a novice. In 1820 he took the final vows, and after several years spent in theological and philosophical studies, was ordained priest in 1826, being appointed forthwith instructor in the monastery school. From this period his life presents a picture of extraordinary activity. From 1826 to 1832 he was professor of rhetoric, and until 1835 he lectured on philosophy. In this latter year he became librarian of the abbey, and retained this office to the end of his life, while also fulfilling the offices of choral director (1835-40), prefect (1836), and rector (1848) of the abbey school, archivist of the abbev (1839-45), counsellor of educa- tion of the Canton Schwyz (1843-5), and subprior of the abbey (1846-52).

In spite of the many demands upon his time and strength, the industrious monk exhibited a many-sided literary activity. He is best known as a poet, ten volumes of lyric, didactic, and dramatic verse testify- ing to his prolific poetical talent. Endowed by nature in so many directions, it h.os been said that in his poems, "he shows himself now as a childlike pious monk, now as a good-natured humorist, now :is a man fully conversant with worldly affairs, and often as a keen satirist, forceful and epigrammatic in ex-