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genboech, sufifrogan of Utrecht. Rt. Rev. William (1918) are as follows: La Paz (the actual seat of

Van de Yen, appointed to this see 1892, died 24 the government), 107,252; Cochabamba, 31,104;

December, 1919, and vas succeeded by his coadjutor, Potoei, 29,785; Sucre (the capital), 29,686; Tarija,

Rt. Rev. Arnold Francis Diepen, bom in the city 11,644; Oruro, 31,360; Santa Cms, 25,807; Trinidad,

of Bois-le-Duc, 1860, ordained 1884, appointed 6,096.

titular Bishop of Danaba, 11 February, 1915. Out RsuoioN^-By Article 2 of the Constitution of of a total population (1921) of 478,960 this diocese Bolivia, the Roman Catholic is the recognized re- has 403,400 Catholics, and counts 600 secular and ligion of Bolivia. The public practice of other 387 regular dei^, 255 parishes, 18 deaneries, 465 religions, which was formerly forbidden, is now churches or chapels, 28 religious orders of men and permitted. For the support of the Church the 28 of women. State pays 121,108 bolivianos ($48,500), 23320

-D..!...^. n u • • „'j _» t it- boUvianos ($9,500) being devoted to the propaga-

BoJssMle. GiraTAv^ phyacum, president of the ^^j, ^f ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ the Indians. 1^1^ Bureau des Constatations at Lc.«rdM, b at Sarlat. ^^^^ ^j marriage, as siiuned up in Article 99S R*nce, 1 August, 1M6; d. there 28 June, 1917. ^he CivU Code of Bolivia, was changed by the law ?? "^^j^^ ^^ °^- 1^/. !'"«« Boisaane ajid at- ^f March, 1912, which states that ^ marriages in toined distmction m his preparatory studiM in th^ reputUc must be celebrated by the civU Pans, his professors, men hke Jobert de ^balle authorities. BoUvia has an Envoy Extraordinary Md Velpeau, predicting for him a bnUiant career, ^nj Minister Plenipotentiary acwedited to tlra His success, as corrwponding member of several Holy See, whUe a papal internuncio resides at medical societies; notably the Society of Surgery, g^^

confirmed this prognostication, but in spite of their Yoi religious statistics see La Plata, Arcbdioosb efforts to retam him m Pans, he returned to his ^ CochXbamba, Diocbbb op; La Paz, Diocbsb of; own neighborhood, where he took over his fathers g^,^ c^^ Thoasaa of.

practice, married imd had five sons, aU of whom Economic Condition.— Bolivia produces one- became men of distinction m their varioiB careers, y^^er of the total tin output of the world, rank- In the kte eighties he became interested m the j ^ext to tiie Malay peninsula in the production ^°A^ ? vS\?"^^*" "V* Conrtatations m Lourde*. „, ^y^ ^^t^j The prWbnt demand and high prices and visited the town frequently to take part m its ^^^ caused a favorable expansion in tin ixploita- mvestigations. On the death of the first president ^^g^ j^^^ j^ importance is rubber, the annual of the bureau m 1^1, Doctor Boissaneww ap- ^ value bein/ J5,000,000. Petroleum is now

pomted to wicceed him. and held «»e Poet for the j^f exploited. The foreign trade in 1918 was: remainder <rf his life. He developed the work con- imports, $13,601,092; exp'orte, $71,219,012; to the siderably, attractmg to tiie investigations medicd Umted Stiites Went exports worth $29,636,799; to experts from aU countries, not a few of whom had Q^eat Britain, $36,500341, exports to Chile and to acknowledge the faUure of any natural explana- ^^^^ ^,^,^ ^^^^ T,;^ i^ rts come chiefly tion for the cures tiiey had witnessed. A mM.of f^^, ^jj^ ^^i^^ Q^^f^ ($4,411372) and ChUe firm faith, he was equally firm m his convicti^ ($3,151,465). It is estimated thkt 4.940.000 acres arc that tme miracles should be able to stand the most ^^^^ iultivation, but agriculture is iii a backward ngorous aophcation of scientifio tMta. and hewas condition. The public lands have an area of 245.000 often the last m a reumon pt physicians to recc«. j^ ^ of which 104.000 square mUes are V

mze the evidence of certain extraordinary cures. ^^^ j^r silecial colonization. The monetary unit Doctor Boissane proved the bad fwth of Zola, who ^ ^^^ boUikano, of a par value in Americai cur- in his book "Lourdes" altered facts so asto nu^ ^j ,^0^3 The revenue of Bolivia is derived

the cures appear temporary and unreal. Two yairs ^ j ,5^,^ ^^- j^^ ^ ^j ^^ ^

^*"£li*'"'!f^\*° *^*5? *^°^ "'^K*?".,^ gold, wolfram, antimony, mWr export, patent^ descnbed, and at a pubhc meeting at the L^em- f^d 'stamps, l^om 1 Janiaiy, 1912, onwards, a tax bourg Bive ocular demonstration of Zola's fabriMj- ^ 3 ^^j j,^^ ^een impb^ ok tiie liqmdated tion. Jt IS estimated that 7,778 medical men took profitTof all mineral enterprises, the gross value of part in the mvertigation during the twenty-three *;j,j^ production and exportation exceeds $40300 years of Doctor Boi^ne s *?«?». «office.^^^ j The public debt on 30 June, 1919, amounted

J • iU?® "^A" made a Kni^t of St. Gregoiy, ^^ tSJBeS.Wl boUvianos, of which 38333325 and m 1890 a Commander of the same order. In ™tp_(aT df>bt The law of IS Decombpr 191S loin tj:,,- V .>..»j.j v:— .« ...j.-^n...^ .!....:»» external aeoi. 1 ne law 01 10 i.*ecemDer, iwio.

^^^ri iJiL}^^^^ line opened in July 1917, from Oruro to Cocha-

toire M6dicale de Loimies, a work of great value y^^^y^^^ There are 354 mUes under construction, and scrupuloua imparUality. Under the Bolivian^hilian treaty of 24 October,

Bolivia (cf. C. E., n-627b).— The present limits 1904, the Arica-La Fas line, 271 miles in length, of of Bolivia nm from north to south between 10° 20^ which 143 miles are in Bolivia, was built from I^ N. and 22** 50' S., and from east to west between Pas via Lluta to Corocoro. The Bolivian section 57*" 47^ 40^^ to about 72°. However, according to the was handed to the government of Bolivia on 3 May, Bolivian claims, asserted in 1916, the limits should 1913. On 12 May, 1920, the Bolivian Congress be stated as follows: Longitude, 57° 29' 40^^ west granted to an Argentine firm a contract for the and 69** 33' 35^* west; on east side, latitude 90° 34' construction of the railway from La Quiacaca in 54" S. to 25° 13' S.; and on west side, latitude 10° Arsentine to Turpiza in Bolivia, which makes pos- 56' 40" 8. to 25° 00' 5" 8. The republic covers an sible easier communication between Buenos Aires area of 514,155 sq. miles (14233,972 kilometers), and and La Paz, and will greatly strengthen commercial ranks as fifth in size among the South American relations between the two countries, countries. In 1915 the estimated population was Government. — ^The republic is divided into eight 2,889,970, or a little more than six to the sq. mile, departments. La Paz, Cochabamba, Potosi, Santa Of this 486 were reported as Mestizos and 920,864 Cruz, Chuquisaca, Tarija, Oruro, El Beni. and as Indians. Besides these there were 3,945 negroes, three national territories, Noroeste, Gran Chaco, The largest cities with their estimated populations and Oriente, 72 provinces and 681 cantons. The