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OATHOUO 168 OATHOUC

1632 unmarried mothers with babies^ women and From the outset study clubs were founded in girls 1820; returned 273 girls to their homes and various parts of the country. At the present there supplied 40,800 meals. This is but a part of the are some 140 such clubs in connection with the work accomplished, which will be continued Guild, using chiefly as their textbooks "The Primer at the permanent quarters procived for the of Social Science," "The Christian Citizen," and Catholic Big Sisters through the generosity of "The Christian Social Crusade." Correspondence Archbishop Hayes, by the purchase of a house at tuition is carried on in social science, industrial his- 457 West 22nd Street, New York, which will be tory, and political economy. An examination board maintained by the Catholic Big Sisters for the pur-> has been formed in connection with the secondary pose already mentioned. Its industrial department schools. Adult candidates are examined in the since 1911 has been gathering clothing, furniture, same subjects, and diplomas of merit are granted etc. Its aid in re-constructing homes and getting on certain conditions. Much excellent work has families together again has been most marked and been produced by this class of candidates. Progress practical. Besides the departments already men- haa hitherto been delayed by the shortage of avail- tioned, there was^augurated under the charter of able tutors and lecturers, but this deficiency is the society the (%tholic Boye^ Protective League being gradually remedied. As a means of special afterwards known as the Catholic Big Brothers and instruction and social intercourse a summer school also the Catholic Boys' Brigade, which had for was held at Oxford in 1920 and 1921 which will its purpose the welfare of the Catholic boys in probably become an annual event. Most con- the puolic schools, both of which are now inde- spicuous among the recent achievements of the pendent organizations. Since its inception until Guild is the establishment of a cdllege at Oxford January, l&l, all the expenses incurred by the for Catholic workingmen. The* college is in effec- Society in its various lines of activity were borne tive working order with its head and professors, by funds supplied by private charity. The men in residence are maintained on scholar-

-,.-„_.__,„_ , . , . ships provided by fellow-workers in Preston and

Gatnouc Social QuUd, an orgamzation whose aim Liverpool. Arrangements are being made to found is to «xcite a keener interest among Catholics in a Westminster scholarship, and a second is to fol- social questions, and to assist in working out the low at Liverpool. This significant advance will application of the Church's principles to actual doubtless lead very shortly to the establishment of social conditions. At the annual conference of the a similar college for Catholic women. Catholic Truth Society, held in Manchester in 1909, As the movement promoted by the C. S. G. was a small private meeting was convened, in which the to some extent antagonistic to prevailing notions view was unanimously accepted that the time was as to capital, employer and worker, it is no cause ripe for Catholics to take an active part in the for wonder that in some quarters the C. S. G. great social movement of the day. A provisional aroused suspicion. It was blamed by some for executive was appointed which met at Oscott in being too advanced, and by others for not being the following October and framed a constitution, advanced enough. It may here be stated that not Early in 1910 the first of the series of "Year Books" a line written by the Guild has incurred censure, of the Guild appeared, wherein the field and forces nor a single one of its speakers been called to order of Catholic social action were displayed. The by ecclesiastical superiors. "Its attitude towards Encyclical of Leo XIII "On the Condition of the Socialism was explained by the President at Cardiff Working Classes" was published at once as the (1914) with a clearness and thoroughness that met charter and programe of the society's work. Other with the express and emphatic approval of H. E. pamphlets speedily followed. In the publication Cardinal Gasquet and Bisnop Mclntyre, both pres- of these early studies the Guild was indebted to ent on the platform." (Year Book, 1919). the co-operation of the Catholic Truth Society. On Hbnrt Parkinson.

the retirement of the first secretary, Mrs. V. M. Oatholie Theater Movement A society founded

Crawford, after ^arly ten years of successful or- j^ j^^^ York City on 18 December, 1918, to coun- ganization, the office of the Gmid was removed to ^g^act the evil tendencies in the modem drama by Oxford. furnishing correct information about current

The Guild is a teaching service. It produces • theatrical productions. The first meeting was called books and pamphlets, organizes meetings, confer- at the instance of Miss Eliza O'Brien Lummis, and ences, study cluos, and examinations, gives lectures was presided over by John Cardinal Farley, first and acts as a medium of information both national honoraiy president. The cardinal's successor. Arch- and international. Besides the pamphlets of a more bishop Patrick J. Hayes, has likewise been emphatic general character, there are volumes under the gen- in his endorsement of the movement, the direction era! heading of "Catholic Studies in Social Reform," of which from the first has remained in the hands embracing such burning topics as "Sweated Labor of Mgr. M. J. Lavelle, rector of the cathedral. In and the Trade Board Act," "The Housing Prob- the initial number of the "Bulletin," the official lem," "The Church and Eugenics," "Christian publication of the Catholic Theater Movement,


non-Catholic contemporary to be far the ablest a concerted effort to defend themselves, their fam-

textbook on War from the Christian standpoint ilies and their children from the evil tendencies of

which had appeared in English. Nearly 100,000 amusements opposed to Christian standards of right

copies have been sold of "The Nation's Crisis," by thinking and right living. The best known and

Cardinal Bourne, "The Pope's Peace Note," and perhaps distinctive activity of the movement has

Fr. Bernard Vaughan's pamphlet on "The Worker's oeen the publication of a "White List" of plays.

Right to Live." A quarterly Bulletin was com- This list is put forward as a suggested, not an ita-

menced in 1911, giving an account of the activities posed guide, to plays which m the main are

of the Guild ana its publications. At the urgent adjudg^ to be free from objectionable features,

instance of workingmen this was superseded in Counsels of perfection are not insisted UDon, and

January, 1921, by "The Christian Democrat," which plays are included in the White List which must

is published monthly. be tolerated rather than approved. Reports on