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EXTENSION 300 EXTREME UNCTION

of the president, who is assisted by priests and drawn during the great war. Motor chapels were

laymen. The books of the Society and of the also used experimentally, but though successful in

magazine are audited quarterly by a certified public their mission it was found that automobiles were

accountant, and annually Ly an auditing committee, unsuited to the rough usage to which they were

Work Accomplished. — The Society's annual col- subjected by the necessity of journeying long dis-

lections were: tances.

ig05 $ 1,934.00 1913 1282,879.87 The headquarters officials of the Society are

1906 34,080.79 1914 265,531 X)8 (1922) : President, Rt. Rev. M^r. Francis C. Kelley,

1907 41,338.93 1915 335,899.58 ^-^s LL.D.; vice-presidents. Rev. William D.

1908 75,481.64 1916 343,921.30 O'Brien (general secretary); the Rev. Eugene J.

1909 121,809.16 1917 384,316.97 McGuinness (director of Order of Martha and Child

1910 i. 176,39550 1918;.*."."!.*.'!!! 465!360.53 Aipostles). ^, ^ ^

1911 307,967.15 1919 530,701.62 ^ The Catholic Church Extension Society of

1912 268,984.13 1920 575,561.18 Canada, which has headquarters m Toronto, was

Vo thT^nd of the fiscal year of 1921 the Society ^'^^ ^t "m ""C^'p ^C "K^I.v'"'2:..hH«hS

had aasbted in the building of 2074 structures, of Sy'in Ve*.;si^M^k.L,'^fS'Nfat ^

which 1932 were churches, 98 schools and convents Tq rt>pii 19^ xa«6»«x"c, ^^^lu x«ajr, M.^^^,,

for the accommodation of teaching Sisters, and 44 P 1 » •

priests' houses. The Society's policy is to assist Extreme Unction (cf. C. E., V-716).-— Any priest,

the local Catholics to help themselves, and to foster but only a priest, can administer extreme unction

in them a spirit of responsibility. Thus a portion validly; the ordinary minister is the parish priest

of the cost of erection is guaranteed by the Society of the place where the invalid is, but in case of

when the need of a structure has been demonstrated, necessity any priest can act with the reasonably

and the money is paid when the roof is on the presumed leave of the parish priest or local ordi-

building. Buildings assisted in this way have been nary, and, indeed, is bound in charity to do so.

erected in forty-three states of the Union, and also The chief cathedral dignitary or canon available

in the Philippines, Porto Rico, Alaska, and Canada, is to administer extreme unction to a sick bishop;

Texas stands first (1921) with 313, and South a clerical religious superior is the proper minister

Dakota, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oregon, Montana, for those who live day and night in his house, as is

and Minnesota have each over one hundred. About the confessor or his substitute, for nuns with solemn

half of all Catholic churches erected in America in vows (momales), but in other lay communities

recent years have been assisted by the Society, in extreme unction is to be given by the local parish

1919, the percentage aided being as high as 88.04. priest or a chaplain specially appointed by the

The reports of the missionaries, submitted with ap- oishop.

plications for assistance, show that nearly half a Extreme unction cannot {non T^otest) be repeated

million Catholics have benefited by this construe- in the same illness, unless the mvalid after being

tional work. anointed rallies and later again falls into danger

Mission schools have been helped to some extent, of death. It is not lawful to neglect extreme

Missionary grants have been made to bishops for unction, and the greatest care should be taken in

the development of poor dioceses. Students for order tnat the sick may receive it while fully con-

the priesthood are being assisted, the method found scious; it should be administered unconditionally

most practical being that of working through the to those who are unconscious, if they have pre-

bishops of missionary dioceses. Chapel cars have viously asked for it at least implicitly. In case

been used with success in the West and South, the of necessity the anointing of one sense, or more

plan being to send the cars to churchless places, correctly of the forehead, with the prescribed shorter

where a h^lt is made and a mission given. Where formula is sufi&cient, but when the danger is passed

experience shows the need of a chapel, efforts are the separate anointings are to be supplied. The

made toward that end, and dozens of chapels mark anointing of the feet may for good cause, but the

the trail of the chapel car. The Society has three anointing of the loins must Swajrs be omitted,

chapel cars named "St. Anthony," "St. Peter," and Except in a case of grave necessity the holy oil

"St. Paul." At first thev were transported free by must be applied by the minister's hand, and not

the railroad companies, but the privilege was with- by means of an instrument.