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Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 17.djvu/622

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PHlVATiOl^ 606 PftlVlLEaES

Apostolic Constitution of 6 May, 1921, and its terri- still unsaid for which stipends have been received,

tory separated from the Diocese of Prince Alb^ and if this notification is required by law; those who

Saskatoon. The diocese is confided to the Oblates of insult or defame another verbally or in writing;

Mai^ Immaculate and the present bishop is Rt. Rev. those who steal, destrov, conceal or substantially

Joseph Prud'homme, O. M. I., b. 1882, elected 1921, change any document belonging to the episcopal

succeeding Bishop Albert Pascal, deceased. There are archives, may be deprived of their office or bene-

in the diocese: 32,000 Catholics, not including Ruthe- fice; those who are found guilty of homicide,

nians, 34 secular priests; 37 regular priests, of whom abduction of the young, selling anyone as a slave

36 are Oblates and 1 Redemptorist; 54 churches with or for any other evil purpose, usury, rapine, griev-

resident prieste: 75 chapels; 8 religious congregations ous theft^ incendiarium, grave mutilation or assault

of women with 203 Sisters; 3700 children m 115 or battery inflicted on another, or those who take

Catholic schools; 2 schools for Indians with 130 chil- possession of a benefice, office, or dignity irregu-

dren. larly; those who stubbornly refuse to make the

profession of faith when required by law; those

Privation is a vindication imposed by the law y^ho fabricate or falsify papal letters, decrees or

or by a superior by which one is deprived of an rescripts, or knowingly use the same (if rdigious,

ecclesiastical right, dignity, office, benefice or the y^ey ^re to lose active and passive voice) , •clerics

fruit thereof. In public cases where it has been ^ho violate the sixth commandment especially if

incurred as a penalty latae sententiae of the com- £hey have cure of souls.

mon law it cannot be remitted by the ordinary. If Again a cleric who is giving grave scandal and

it has been imposed by an ordinary he cannot remains recalcitrant may be deprived temporarily

validly confer the vacated office, benefice or dignity of the right to wear clerical dress; if acleric has

on onee of his own household or on one who is been deposed and shows no sign of amendment he

related to him by blood or affinity in the first or may be deprived perpetually of this right, which

second degree. would entail the loss of clerical privileges, or clerics

The following persons by the very fact of then: who publicly sympathize or who attempt even civil

offence suffer privation: those who presume to mamage, or who elope, lose their right to the

hold two incompatible offices or benefices lose clerical dress, ipso facto.

both; a newly promoted cardinal who refuses to Religious superiors who admit unsuitable candi-

swear to visit the pope within a year, is deprived dates irregularly to the novitiate or to profession

of the cardinalitial dimity forever; a bishop-elect may be deprived of their office; so, too, reverend

who neglects to receive consecration within six mothers who spend any part of a nun's dowiy or

months is deprived of the right of consecration; who fail to notify the ordinary in due time about

a patron who converts to his own use ecclesiastical approaching receptions or profession, or who

property belonging to the church of which he is violate the regulations protecting the liberty of

patron loses his right of patronage; one who holds criticism enjoyed by nuns during visitation; or a

an office, benefice, or dignity and violates the obli- superioress who puts any difficulty in the way of a

gation of residence annexed, eo ipso loses a part of nun who desires to > have an extraordinary confes-

the revenue proportionate to the time of his ab- sor, or who prevents or asks about a nun going to

sence, if he remains obstinate he may be deprived confession to any approved confessor in a church

of the office, benefice, or dignity itself. or even a semi-public oratory, or who would in

The following are to be punished by privation: any way prohibit a nun who was seriously ill from

clerics who impede directly or indirectly the exer- calling in any priest who has approbation for hear-

cise of ecclesiastical jurisdiction and have recourse ing women's confessions. After a warning for any

for that purpose to any lay power or who publish of these offences a superior is to be deprived of

laws, mandates or decrees against the rights and his or her offices if a second offence occurs. It

liberty of the Church, or who join Masonic or should be noted that a sentence of privation does

similar associations which plot against the Church not take effect until it has been communicated to

or legitimate civil authority; they are to lose their the guilty party, who has always, however, the

office, benefice, dignity, pension or function (and right of a devolutive appeal to tibe Holy See.

if they are religious are to be deprived of active -^. ., t* • m , •

and passive voice in their institute) ; so, too, are . ™["**f*-*^^*. * pnvilege has been enjoyed

clerics who conspire against the authority of the for 100 years or from tune immemonal it is presumed

pope, a papal legate, or their own ordinary, or to have been properly grwited. A privilege granted

clerics laying violent hands on a cardinal or papal by rescript is not revoked by a contrary law unless

legate; or confessors guilty of solicitation; or this is stated expressly in the law or unless the law

clerics who usurp or retain the prbperty or rights was enacted by the superior of the person who issued

of the Roman Church ; or clerics guilty of certain ^^e rescnpt. It was formerly customarjr for religious

aggravated sins of impurity. ^^^^ properly so called to commumcate to one

Clerics usurping or converting church property SJ^^i^J^^f^^fe^^ ^r^'^'^^u^^^'^^' specially

are to lose their Benefices; cleri^ who delibeiitely I^^^^^^ ^l^l'^.i^iif •// ?S"W'^^?^P7tf*f®

inflict grave bodily injur^ on themselves, are to fc^!! ^""J^^J^^!^^

iXx'# '^^^'^" ^^ ^"^"^ '^^^^ ^^" ^^ ""^ J^eSS'co^^^^^^^

The following offenders are to be punished by She^^^^iexM pnvation but only if recalcitrant: apostates, heret- however, belong also the nuns of the s^e order in ics, or schismatics, are to lose their benefic^ dig- g^ f^r as they are capable of enjoying them, nities, pensions, office, or functions; canon theolo- "^ '^ * ^ © gians, or penitentiaries, their benefice ; concuninary Privileges, Ecclesiastical. — ^The faithful owe rev- parish priests are to lose their parishes, other erence to the clergy, according to their diiferent clerics their benefices. grades and offices, and would be guilty of the

The following persons may be punished by crime of sacrilege if they inflicted an unjustifiable

privation at the discretion of the ordinary: those bodily injury on a cleric. '

who traffic in Mass stipends or who fail to notify PrivUegium canonia. — Under the C3ode of Canon

the ordinary annually of the number of Masses Law the punishment inflicted for attacking the per-