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State,andinHawaii, Porto Rico and Alaska. Through there must be at least two Catholic councillors to

the International Council the Girl Scouts are affiliated assure to them the opportunity of attending Mass on

with the Girl Guides of England and all parts of the Sundays and holy days of Obligation, as well as to

British Empire and similar organizations in other regulate the menu for Fridays and other fast days.

farts of the world. At the 1920 meeting of the Late breakfast is served to all children who wish to

ntemational Council at London, reports were receive Holy Communion. Grace before meals is

received from all parts of the United States and the silent, and each child says her own evening prayers,

British Empire and from Italy, France, Belgium, for tnere is'oiever any evening camp fire prayer

Switzerland, Poland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, service held«^

Holland, Portugal, Russia, Czechoslovakia, Brazil, The movement in the Catholic field was given its

Argentina. Japan, China and Siberia. The activities chief est impetus in the East by the encouragement of

of the Girl Scouts center about three main interests: Archbishop Patrick J. Hayes of New York who, after

(1) Home, the program provides incentives for a review of all the broader recreational programs for

practising woman's world-ola arts of cooking ^ouse- girls, endorsed that of the Girl Scouts. Cardinal

keeping, first aid, and home nursing; (2) Health. Doughtery of Philadelphia, Archbishop Mundelein

personal health, both physical and mental, as well of Chicago, Archbishop Messmer of Milwaukee also

as communitv nealth, is the key-note of scout ac- led in endorsing the movement. It is being supported

tivities, which aim at developing the habit of health by bishops throughout the country, among whom

rather than merely togive information about anatomy are Bishop Donahue of Wheeling, Bishop O Connor

or physiology; (3) Citizenship, gregarious interests of Newark, Bishop Neelan of Sioux City, Bishop

ana occupations tending to make of the girls women Nilan of Hartfora, Bishop Kieley of Savannah,

effective m modem political society are encouraged. Bishop Hoban of Scranton, and Bishop Grimes ot

The self-governing unit of a patrol, which is the Svracuse. The centers most active in organizing

basis of organization, the conduct of their own Cfatholic girls into troops are New York, Philadelphia,

meetings according to elementary parliamentary Washington, D. C, Cnicago, Richmond, Milwaukee,

law, working together in groups, all contribute to and Savannah. In the Archdiocese of New York

valuable training in democratic ideals. there were organized on 31 December, 1920, 75 troops

A realization of the important role of play in educa- in 36 parishes, 8 commimity houses, 3 girls' clubs and tion has dictated a method largely recreational in 3 homes for girls. This represents 2000 Catholic all scout activities, resulting in a program of story- girls enrolled at National Headquarters as scouts, telling, games, dancing, hiking, camping, boating, under the leadership of 57 Catholic volunteer cap- athletics and sports of all kinds. The scout slogan: tains. The Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Do a good turn dailv" encourages the habit of help- New York has adopted scouting as the chief recrea- fulness which may be said to be the core of the tional program for the adolescent girls in 7 orphan movement, and the motto "Be Prepared,^' holds forth asylums where upward of 600 chOdren have oeen the ideal of being ready to meet intelligentlv most of organized under the direction of an experienced field the situations that are likely to arise in later life, captain from National Headquarters. Six Catholic A code of such unquestioned values as honor, loyalty, colleges were among the first women's colleges to kindness, courtesy, humanity, cheerfulness, obedience intn^duce a course in Scout Leadership into the thrift, and cleanlmess forms the laws to which every departments of Sociology or Physical Education, girl scout voluntarily subscribes. Tlie Colleges of New Rochelle, St. Elizabeth, Mt. St.

The Organization is as follows: (1) Patrol, the Vincent, Marymount, Sacred Heart, and the Trinity

working unit, consisting of eis^t girls, one of whom College joined with Smith, Vassar, and Simmons in

is elected patrol leader; (2) Troop, tne administra- holding such classes, which were in each case directed

tive unit recognized by the national organization, by a Catholic member of the Education Department

consisting of one or more patrols, under the direction in co-operation with the faculty of the college. A

of a captain, who must be at least twenty-one years report of March, 1922, shows a total of 192 students

of age and who has been commissioned by National registered for these courses in the Catholic colleges.

Headquarters; (3) Local Councils, link between the of whom 40 were actually doing the practical work of

Girl Scout troops and the community, consisting of leading parochial troops, women and men representing all the best interests of

the community — social, educational, religious, busi- Scranton, Diocese of (Scrantonensis; cf. C.

ness, civic. In all communities one or more Catholic E., XIII— 633a), in Pennsylvania, sufframm of

men or women have a place on the Council; (4) Philadelphia. The present administrator is tne Rt.

National Council, the central governing body, made Rev. Michael John Hoban, b. at Waterloo, Diocese

of elected delegates from all local groups, working of Newark, 6 Jime, 1853, ordained 22 May, 1880.

through an executive board which conducts National elected titular bishop of Alali, 1 Feb., 1896, ana

Headquarters in New York. coadjutor bishop of Scran ton^ consecrated 22 March

From the start the organization has been non- and published 26 June followmg. He succeeded Rt.

sectarian in practise as well as theory, one of the Rev. William O'Hara, 3 Feb., 1899. The diocese has a

most convincing proofs of which is that the move- Catholic population of 274,978, and includes the

ment has received the endorsement of many of the following nationalities: Iriui, Germans. Slovaks,

hierarchy who have given it their serious considera- Lithuanians, Italians, Magyars and Slovenians,

tion. The national organization, appreciating the On 12 Oct., 1921, the diocese celebrated its golden

zeal with which the Catholic Church safeguards the jubilee and also the silver jubilee of ite bishop, Rt.

faith of her children, requires there be Catholic, as Rev. John Hoban. The diocese contains 178 parishes

well as Protestant and Jewish^ representation on 57 missions, 19 stations^ 1 monastery for men, 60

evexy council formed. Cathohc interests on the convents for women with 733 Sisters, 270 secular

National Executive Board are represented by Mrs. priests^ 28 regulars, 14 la^r brothers. The following

Nicholas F. Brady, a prominent Catholic woman, who educational institutions exist in the diocese: 1 college

is also a national offiicer of the organization, for men with 15 teachers and 375 students; 1 for

and at National Headquarters there is a specif con- women with 30 teachers and 180 students; 25 high

suiting Catholic Board to which all questions in- schools with 150 teachers, 5 academies with 100

volving the organization of Catholic troops are teachers; 86 elementary schools with 520 teachers and

referred. It a rule of the organization that at every 25,101 pupils; 1 industrial school with 10 teachers and

Girl Scout Camp attended by Catholic children, 268 students. State appropriations made for educa-