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UNITED STATES

88

UNITED STATES


Notes:
 Victory Liberty Loan  $4,225,970,755.00
Treasury Certificates:
 Tax $1,651,694,500.00
 Loan 648,961,500.00
 Pittman Act 259,375,000.00
 Special Issues 32,854,450.00

  2,592,885,450.00
War Savings Securities (net cash receipts)  760,953,780.53

  Total interest-bearing debt  23,749,539,988.53
Debt on which interest has ceased 7,441,490.26
Noninterest-bearing debt 225,242,689.37

  Total gross debt $23,982,224,168.16

Defenses.—See Army; Military Organization, United States; Navy.

Pensions.—The number of pensioners on the roll at the end of the fiscal year 1920 was 592,190, The number of Civil War pensioners was 243,520, or a decrease of 27,871 during the year. There were 290,100 Civil War widows on the pension rolls. Of the War of 1812, there were on June 30, 1920, 71 surviving widows, and of the war with Mexico, 148 survivors and 2,432 widows. The pensioners of the Spanish-American War numbered 30,432. The total amount disbursed for pensions throughout the year was $213,295,314,

Post Office.—The revenue of the postal service for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, amounted to $436,239,126. The Act of Congress passed on November 7, 1917, increasing the postage rates, expired by limitation on June 30, 1919. The expenditure for the year was $362,497,635. In 1919 and 1920 mail service by aeroplane was developed to a point of practical value. Service was maintained between New York and Chicago, and other large cities. There were in 1919 565,509 depositors in the postal savings banks, with deposits of $167,323,260.

Population.—The population of the United States from 1790 to 1890 was as follows:

1790   3,929,214
1800   5,308,483
1810   7,239,881
1820   9,638,453
1830  12,866,020
1840  17,069,453
1850  23,191,876
1860  31,443,321
1870  38,558,371
1880  50,155,783
1890  62,947,714

The following table shows the population by States, compiled from the census reports for 1900, 1910, and 1920:

See also Census.

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY STATES: 1920, 1910, AND 1900


State Population Increase[1]
1910-1920
Increase[1]
1900-1910



1920 1910 1900 Number Per
cent.
Number Per
cent.








United States  105,710,620   91,972,266   75,994,575   13,736,505   14.9   15,977,691   21.0 








Alabama 2,348,174  2,138,093  1,828,697  210,081  9.8  309,396  16.9 
Arizona 334,162  204,354  122,931  129,808  63.5  81,423  66.2 
Arkansas 1,752,204  1,574,449  1,311,564  177,755  11.3  262,885  20.0 
California 3,426,861  2,377,549  1,485,053  1,049,312  44.1  892,496  60.1 
Colorado 939,629  799,024  539,700  140,605  17.6  259,324  48.0 
Connecticut 1,380,631  1,114,756  908,420  265,875  23.9  206,336  22.7 
Delaware 223,003  202,322  184,735  20,681  10.2  17,587  9.5 
District of Columbia  437,571  331,069  278,718  106,502  32.2  52,351  18.8 
Florida 968,470  752,619  528,542  215,851  28.7  224,077  42.4 
Georgia 2,895,832  2,609,121  2,216,331  286,711  11.0  392,790  17.7 
Idaho 431,866  325,594  161,772  106,272  32.6  163,822  101.3 
Illinois 6,485,280  5,638,591  4,821,550  846,689  15.0  817,041  16.9 
Indiana 2,930,390  2,700,876  2,516,462  229,514  8.5  184,414  7.3 
Iowa 2,404,021  2,224,771  2,231,853  179,250  8.1  −7,082  −0.3 
Kansas 1,769,257  1,690,949  1,470,495  78,308  4.6  220,454  15.0 
Kentucky 2,416,630  2,289,905  2,147,174  126,725  5.5  142,731  6.6 
Louisiana 1,798,509  1,656,388  1,381,625  142,121  8.6  274,763  19.9 
Maine 768,014  742,371  694,466  25,643  3.5  47,905  6.9 
Maryland 1,449,661  1,295,346  1,188,044  154,315  11.9  107,302  9.0 
Massachusetts 3,852,356  3,366,416  2,805,346  485,940  14.4  561,070  20.0 
Michigan 3,668,412  2,810,173  2,420,982  858,239  30.5  389,191  16.1 
Minnesota 2,387,125  2,075,708  1,751,394  311,417  15.0  324,314  18.5 
Mississippi 1,790,618  1,797,114  1,551,270  −6,496  −0.4  245,844  15.8 

  1. 1.0 1.1 A minus sign ( − ) denotes decrease