Page:Dictionary of National Biography, Second Supplement, volume 2.djvu/204

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Dante' (1878). He made pungent and witty speeches at the Union on the liberal side, and he rowed in the Corpus eight when it was near the head of the river. On graduating B.A. in 1878 (M.A. 1881) he was elected to a fellowship at Hertford, which he held till 1886. He became classical lecturer at Corpus also in 1878, and for the next twenty-seven years was constantly engaged in teaching at that and other colleges. In 1901 he was admitted fellow of Corpus, and was appointed senior tutor the following year. He was classical moderator in 1888–9, and again in 1897–8. Haigh collaborated with T. L. Papillon in an edition of Virgil with a very careful text (1892); and he published 'The Attic Theatre' (1889) and 'The Tragic Drama of the Greeks' (1896). These works, which gave Haigh a general reputation, exhibit sound scholarship, independent judgment, the faculty of lucid exposition, and a wide range of classical and miscellaneous reading.

Haigh laid more stress than most Oxford tutors of his time on verbal accuracy and the need for close textual study. But the limitations of his method were consistent with broad and sympathetic literary interests. He studied English literature with the same fastidious diligence which he bestowed upon the classics, and was a cultivated and extremely well-informed critic of the English poets, and of some of the greater writers of Germany, France, and Italy.

Haigh took little part in university business or society, living a tranquil family life and cherishing a few intimate friendships. He died somewhat suddenly at his residence in the Parks at Oxford on 20 Dec. 1905, and was buried in Holywell churchyard.

In Aug. 1886 he married Matilda Forth, daughter of Jeremiah Giles Pilcher, J. P., D.L. She predeceased him in July 1904, leaving four children.

[Personal knowledge; Foster's Alumni Oxonienses; article by A. G. (i.e. A. D. Godley, Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford) in the Oxford Magazine, 24 Jan. 1906.]

S. J. L.

HAINES, SIR FREDERICK PAUL (1819–1909), field-marshal, born on 10 Aug. 1819, at the Parsonage Farm, Kirdford, Sussex, was youngest child in the family of three sons and a daughter of Gregory Haines, C.B. (1778-1853), who was in Wellington's commissariat throughout the Peninsular war and at Waterloo, and ended his career as commissary-general in Ireland, by his wife Harriet, daughter of John Eldridge of Kirdford. The father was descended from prosperous Sussex yeomen, of whom the most remarkable was Richard Haines (1633-1685), author, among other works, of 'The Prevention of Poverty' (1674) and 'A Method of Government for Public Working Almshouses' (1679). Educated at Midhurst school and in Brussels and Dresden, Frederick, following the example of his two elder brothers, entered the army, being gazetted ensign in the 4th (the King's Own) regiment on 21 June 1839. He joined his regiment at Bangalore, where his eldest brother, Gregory, had just married a daughter of Sir Hugh (afterwards the first viscount) Gough [q. v.], who was in command of the Mysore division. This family connection led in 1844 to the appointment of Haines, who had been promoted lieutenant in 1840, as A.D.C. to Gough, then commander-in-chief in the East Indies. In the first Sikh war he was acting military secretary to the commander-in-chief, and fought at Moodkee and at Ferozeshah, where he was dangerously wounded. His services were rewarded by a captaincy, without payment, in the 10th foot (May 1846), whence he exchanged, in March 1847, into the 21st foot (the Scots fusiliers). From 23 May 1846 to 7 May 1849 he was military secretary to Lord Gough, and was present at the skirmish at Ramnuggur, the operations for the crossing of the Chenab, and the battles of Chillianwalla and Gujerat. For the services rendered in this capacity he was given a brevet majority in June 1849 and a brevet lieut.-colonelcy in August 1850.

In 1854 Haines accompanied the 21st foot to the Crimea, and was present at the actions of the Alma and Balaclava. His rank as a brevet lieut.-colonel placed him at the battle of Inkerman (5 Nov. 1854) in command of a small body of troops. The detachment held for six hours the barrier on the post road which guarded the approach to the second division camp, and the exploit in Kinglake's opinion 'augments the glory of the day as far as concerns the English, and gives much more simplicity, and consequently more grandeur, to the battle than would otherwise belong to it.' Haines was also responsible for sending troops to silence the Russian artillery on Shell Hill, and thus helped to bring the battle to its final crisis. After the battle of Inkerman he succeeded to a majority in the 21st foot, and he was promoted to a brevet colonelcy (28 Nov. 1854) in recognition