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trating as far as St. Petersburg, procured for its author a remarkable compliment from the Emperor of Russia. The czar conveyed a request to Dr. Bateman to send him any other works he might have written, and sent to the London physician in return a ring of the value of one hundred guineas.

About the year 1816 Bateman's health began to give way, and the sight of one eye failed. The malady was aggravated by the administration of mercury in accordance with the practice of the day, and a train of symptoms produced, which he himself thought it right to relate in a paper in the ‘Medico-Chirurgical Transactions,’ ix. 220. He obtained some benefit from a rest of several months, but returned to his duties at the Fever Institution on the occasion of a severe epidemic of fever in London in 1817. In the following year, however, he was compelled by ill-health to resign his appointment at that hospital, and, in 1819, the physicianship to the Public Dispensary. He shortly afterwards retired to Yorkshire, and died in his native town, Whitby, 9 April 1821.

Dr. Bateman was a skilful physician and excellent medical writer, whose works on skin diseases are still important. His writings not only show practical knowledge, but are remarkable for their learning, complete references being given to ancient and modern writers. Besides his larger books, he wrote a number of smaller papers, ‘all the medical articles in Rees's “Cyclopædia” from the letter C onwards, with the exception of that on the “History of Medicine,” being written by him.' His habits of composition show him to have been a diligent and accurate literary workman. As the first librarian of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society, he assisted in founding the splendid library of that society, and compiled its first catalogue.

He wrote: 1. ‘Practical Synopsis of Cutaneous Diseases according to the arrangement of Dr. Willan,’ fifth (standard) edition, London, 1819, 8vo; edited by Dr. A. Todd Thompson, London, 1829. 2. ‘Delineations of Cutaneous Diseases’ (a continuation of Willan's work), with 70 plates, London, 1817, 4to; by Dr. Tilbury Fox, with additions, as ‘Atlas of Skin Diseases,’ London, 1877, 4to. 3. ‘A Succinct Account of the Contagious Fever of this country, in 1817 and 1818,’ London, 1818, 8vo. 4. ‘Reports on the Diseases of London,’ London, 1819, 8vo.

[Some Account of the Life and Character of the late Thomas Bateman, M.D., F.L.S. (anonymous, but by Dr. J. Rumsey), London, 1826, 8vo.]J. F. F.

BATEMAN, THOMAS (1821–1861), archæologist, born 8 Nov. 1821 at Rowsley, Derbyshire, was the only son of William Bateman, of Middleton by Youlgrave, in the same county, by his wife, Mary, daughter of James Crompton, of Brightmet, Lancashire. A country gentleman of large property, situated in one of the most beautiful portions of the Peak, he devoted his time and wealth to antiquarian and ethnological pursuits. This taste was inherited from his grandfather and father, who severally laid the foundation of a fine library and museum. Bateman himself crowned their work by adding greatly to both, and by an extensive series of excavations in the tumuli of Yorkshire, Staffordshire, and Derbyshire, but more especially in the latter county. It has been well remarked that he did for Derbyshire what Sir R. C. Hoare did for Wiltshire in the last century. The results of his researches were published in three several volumes: 1. ‘Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, and the Sepulchral Usages of its Inhabitants,’ 8vo, London, 1848, in which he was assisted by Mr. Stephen Glover; 2. ‘A Descriptive Catalogue of the Antiquities and Miscellaneous Objects preserved in the Museum at Lomberdale House,’ 8vo, Bakewell, 1855; 3. ‘Ten Years' Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Gravehills,’ 8vo, London, 1861. This last work, which was issued about a fortnight before its author's death, gives a detailed account not only of his own investigations, but of those of his friends, Mr. Samuel Carrington, of Wetton, and Mr. James Ruddock, of Pickering. Besides his separate publications Bateman contributed very largely to the ‘Archæological Journal,’ the ‘Journal of the British Archæological Association,’ and various other antiquarian periodicals. He was an early fellow of the Ethnological Society, as originally constituted. Although never a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, he acted from 1854 to 1860 as its local secretary for Derbyshire. He died 28 Aug. 1861 at his seat, Lomberdale House, near Bakewell, after two or three days' illness. At the time of his premature death Bateman was preparing for the press a catalogue of the manuscripts in his library, with palæographic and bibliographical notes; and he was engaged upon a second volume of the catalogue of his museum. Both library and museum, it is gratifying to know, are strictly entailed. The latter collection is justly ranked as one of the wonders of the Peak. ‘It is rich in Greek, Roman, Mexican, and mediæval antiquities; and its collection of Samian ware, particularly that part of it which once belonged to the Cook collection at York, is