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Routledge ‘The Girl's First Help to Reading,’ ‘The Boy's First Help to Reading,’ and the ‘Exhibition Guide to the Crystal Palace.’ He edited for other publishers Pope's ‘Iliad and Odyssey,’ with Flaxman's designs, six plays of Æschylus, Demosthenes ‘On the Crown,’ and Sallust, and translated the Latin notes of Wunder's ‘Sophocles’ into English. He edited Taylor's ‘History of the Life and Death of Jesus Christ’ in 1851, and Trollope's ‘Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles’ in 1853; he also wrote ‘The Natural History of Tufthunters and Toadies,’ Lond. 1848, 32mo; ‘The Great Cities of the Ancient World in their glory and their desolation’ (of which the articles on Pekin, America, and Scandinavia were contributed by K. R. H. Mackenzie), London, 1852, 8vo; ‘A History of the Council of Trent,’ compiled from a comparison of various writers, with a Chronological Summary,’ London, 1852, 8vo; ‘The Dawnings of Genius exemplified and exhibited in the early lives of distinguished men,’ London, 1853, 8vo; ‘The Great Cities of the Middle Ages, or the Landmarks of European Civilisation,’ London, 1853, 8vo; ‘The Adventures of Mr. Sydenham Greenfinch,’ London, 1854.

[Gent. Mag. 1856, p. 315; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Notes and Queries, 4th ser. vii. 534, viii. 255.]

J. M.

BUCKLEY, WILLIAM (d. 1570?), mathematician, a native of Lichfield, was educated at Eton, whence he was elected to a scholarship at King's College, Cambridge, in 1537 (B.A. 1542, M.A. 1545). Afterwards he removed to the court of King Edward VI, who held him in great esteem. On 4 Jan. 1548–9 he was admitted to the prebend of Ufton Decani in the church of Lichfield, which he resigned soon afterwards. In 1550 the king appointed him to the office of tutor to the royal henchmen, with all profits appertaining thereunto, and a pension of 40l. per annum. Sir John Cheke, when provost of King's, sent for Buckley to that college to teach the students arithmetic and geometry. He appears to have died about 1570. His works are: 1. ‘Descriptio et usus annuli horarii,’ Royal MS. in British Museum, 12 A xxv. The dedication to the Princess Elizabeth is dated 16 kal. April. 1546. 2. ‘Arithmetica Memorativa, sive compendiaria arithmeticæ tractatio,’ &c. Printed with John Seton's ‘Dialectica.’ The work consists of the rules of arithmetic reduced into Latin verse, that they may be more easily committed to memory.

[Add. MS. 5815, f. 13; Ames's Typogr. Antiq. (Herbert), 862, 866; Cooper's Athenæ Cantab. i. 292; Harwood's Alumni Eton. 156; Le Neve's Fasti (Hardy), i. 632; Lodge's Illustr. of Brit. History (1838), i. 438; Rymer's Fœdera (1713), xv. 142; Tanner's Bibl. Brit.]

T. C.

BUCKLEY, WILLIAM (1780–1856), convict in Australia, was born at Morton, near Macclesfield, in 1780, and became a bricklayer. At an early age he enlisted in the Cheshire supplementary militia, and in 1799 volunteering into the 4th or king's own regiment of the line, served in Holland and in various garrisons. While at Gibraltar he, with six other soldiers, turned out with an intention of shooting Edward, duke of Kent, 24 Dec. 1802, for which offence he was sentenced to transportation, and sent out to Port Phillip, Australia. On 27 Dec. following he escaped from custody, and for thirty-two years, from that day forward, he never held intercourse with any white man. After enduring innumerable hardships, he joined one of the aboriginal tribes of Port Phillip (the district since known as Victoria), who treated him kindly, taught him their methods of taking animals, birds, and fish, instructed him in the use of the spear, boomerang, and other weapons, and provided him with kangaroo skins for his clothing. No doubt they were much impressed with his appearance, as he was gigantic in size, measuring in height nearly six feet six inches, and of good proportion. Life with the natives was not always pleasant, as many of them were cannibals, and there were constant wars among the tribes, when many persons were killed, and their relations afterwards massacred in cold blood. Buckley would willingly have returned to his imprisonment, but the settlements in Port Phillip had been abandoned, and no white men were residing in the district. One day, however, his attention was drawn to the fact that the blacks were in possession of cotton pocket-handkerchiefs. On inquiry he found that some white men were encamped not far away, and on proceeding to Indented Head, Port Phillip Bay, he found a camp which had been formed by Mr. John Bateman and a small party who had come across from Van Diemen's Land to settle in Port Phillip. This meeting with his countrymen took place 12 July 1835. Representations being made to the colonial secretary of Van Diemen's Land of the hardships Buckley had endured, and of the great use he was likely to be to the settlers in communicating with the natives, a free pardon was granted to him, dated 28 Aug. 1835, very nearly thirty-two years from the date of his landing in Australia from the convict ship. For a time he was employed by the Port Phillip Company as