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edict of Nantes, became minister in turn of several French churches in London, and died in 1721) and of Francisca, his wife. He was naturalised in England in January 1687-8. On 11 Sept. 1689 he entered at Merchant Taylors' School, London, and remained there until his election to St. John's College, Oxford, where he matriculated on 7 July 1694. In the same year he was elected scholar of his college, and in 1697 he obtained a fellowship, which he held until 3 March 1718. Having been ordained deacon by Compton, bishop of London, on 26 May 1700, and priest on 9 Jan. 1700-1, he was appointed chaplain at Hanover to Princess Sophia and the embassy. His degrees were B.A. 17 May 1698, M.A. by diploma, while absent abroad, 16 March 1701-2, B.D. 26 April 1708, and D.D.23 April 1714. After the accession of George I, Lombard was made chaplain to the Princess of Wales, and on 24 Feb. 1717-18 he was instituted to the rectory of Lanteglos with Advent in Cornwall. This living he held until his death, but for a large part of that time he was non-resident. Many stories were current in the county of his learning and simplicity, and he is said to have remained throughout life a foreigner to English customs. The rectory contains the library and portrait which were bequeathed by him to his successors, and in the probate registry office at Bodmin is a small book containing a list of the works in the collection. He died at Camelford on 30 Dec. 1746, and was buried at Lanteglos on 2 Jan. 1746-7.

Lombard's publications were: 1. 'A Sermon preached at Hanover before the late Princess Sophia,' 1714. 2. 'Comparaison des deux histoires de M. de Mezeray et du père Daniel. Amsterdam, aux dépens de la Compagnie,' 1723. 3. 'Succinct History of Ancient and Modern Persecutions,' 1747. The composition of this work was suggested by the revolution of 1745. He contributed strictures upon Aquinas, and some observations on the demand for a king by the Israelites to his friend Gregor's edition of Fortescue, 'De Laudibus Legum Angliæ' (ed. 1737, pp. 18-21, 84-6, and Addenda, p. 3), and his correspondence with his friend is said to be still preserved at the family seat of Trewarthenick in Cornwall.

[Maclean's Trigg Minor, ii. 306; Robinson's Merchant Taylors' School, i. 324; Wilson's Merchant Taylors' School, i. 394, 411-14, ii. 1203; Boase and Courtney's Bibl. Cornub. i. 322, iii. 1209; Boase's Collect. Cornub. p. 508; Agnew s Protestant Exiles, ed. 1886, ii. 58, 365; Gent. Mag. 1747, p. 47; 53rd Rep. Roy. Instit. of Cornwall, 1871, p. xxxiii; Davies Gilbert's Cornwall; Foster's Alumni Oxon.]

W. P. C.

LOMBARD, PETER, D.D.(d. 1625), Irish Roman catholic prelate, son of a merchant at Waterford, studied for some time under Camden at Westminster (Wood, Athenæ Oxon. ed. Bliss, ii. 341). Proceeding to the university of Louvain, he there graduated in 1575, going out as first in the school of arts, and on 30 Aug. 1594 he was created D.D. (Andreas, Fasti Academici Lovanienses, ed. 1650, p. 130). He obtained a canonry in the collegiate church, 'Sidenensis,' in the diocese of Tournai, and was also appointed provost of the cathedral of Cambrai. On 9 July 1601 the pope appointed him archbishop of Armagh and primate of all Ireland in succession to Edmund MacGaura. The pall was granted to him on 14 Dec. 1601, and he was allowed to retain possession of his ecclesiastical preferments in Belgium (Brady, Episcopal Succession, i. 224). In 1614 he was personally noticed by James I, in a speech from the throne, as a disturber of the government (Anthologia Hibernica, i. 33). He was residing at Rome in 1623, and died there in 1625.

He bequeathed 'his laborious writings and all his literary traivells' to Nicholas Laffan of Ossory (Brady, ii. 360).

His published works are: 1. 'Casus circa decretum Clementis Papæ VIII de Sacramentali confessione et absolutione non facienda in absentia,' Antwerp, 1624, 12mo. It is printed as an opinion in the Jesuit father Giles Coninck's 'Responsio ad dissertationem impugnantem Absolutionem Moribund sensibus destituti.' 2. 'De Regno Hibernise, Sanctorum Insulâ, Commentarius; in quo preter ejusdem Insulæ Situm, nominis originem … Pii Conatus et Res a Principe O-Neillo ad fidem Catholicam propagandam feliciter gestæ continentur,' Louvain, 1632, 4to. On 20 Nov. 1633, after Lombard's death, Secretary Windebank wrote to the Lord-deputy Strafford that the king had ordered the deputy to suppress this book, and to call the author to account for it.

[Ware's Writers of Ireland (Harris), p. 103; Brenan's Eccl. Hist. of Ireland, p. 490; Lowndes's Bibl. Man. (Bohn), p. 1385; Anthologia Hibernica, i. 119; Moran's Spicilegium Ossoriensis, i. 126, 137.]

T. C.

LOMBART, PIERRE (1620?–1681), engraver, was born in Paris, where he is said to have studied design under Simon Vouet. He came to England about 1640, and he resided in London for more than twenty years. He was largely employed in engraving book illustrations, and his works of that class are numerous, the most important being the plates after F. Clein in Ogilby's 'Virgil,' 1658, and 'Iliad,' 1660, which are favourably