Open main menu

Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 34.djvu/99

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

plied to Frobisher's ships (Exchequer Decrees and Orders, 12–13 Jac. I).

In 1587–8 Lok was in Dublin, and in 1592 went out to Aleppo under an engagement as consul for the Levant Company for four years. After two years, however, the appointment was summarily cancelled, by the intrigues—as Lok asserted—of one Dorrington, in the employment of Sir John Spenser, alderman of London (Addit. MS. 12497; Zachary Lok to Cecil, 9 Dec. 1598, in Cal. State Papers, Dom.). He claimed the full amount of his salary for the four years; but in 1599 he was still claiming it, nor does it appear that he was ever paid. In 1603 Lok's son Zachary died, bequeathing him his seal, his black coat lined with plush, and all his books. On 29 June 1608 Lok wrote to the Earl of Salisbury, sending him intelligence of the warlike preparations of the king of Spain (ib.), and in 1614–15 he was still defending an action as to the debts of the Cathay Company. He was then eighty-three, and doubtless died shortly afterwards.

Lok married, first, Joan, daughter of William Wilkinson, sheriff of London. She died 1571, leaving several children, of whom eight are named in her will (dated 9 Feb. 1570–1, proved by Lok 6 April 1571). He married, secondly, Mary (or Margaret), daughter of Martin Perient, treasurer to the army in Ireland, widow of Cæsar Adelmare (d. 1569), and mother of Julius Cæsar [q. v.] the judge. In 1579 Lok described himself, in his petitions, as having a wife and fifteen children. An essay, ‘An conveniens sit Matrimonium inter Puellam et Senem’ (Add. MS. 12503), which he wrote in 1583, might be thought to imply that he was meditating a third marriage in his old age. Besides this essay, he translated into English part of Peter Martyr's ‘Historie of the West Indies,’ which was published in 1612. Lok's name is here spelt as he signed it.

[Authorities in the text; notes and references kindly communicated by Mr. W. Noel Sainsbury and Mr. G. E. Cokayne.]

J. K. L.

LOK, Sir WILLIAM (1480–1550), London merchant, was son of Thomas Lok, mercer of London, and grandson of John Lok, sheriff of London in 1400 (cf. will of Zachary Lok, 1603, in Somerset House). From the grandfather also descended John Locke, mayor of Bristol in 1642, who was 'a sort of cousin' of the father of John Locke [q. v.] the philosopher. William was, like his father, brought up as a mercer, and became sworn mercer and agent to Henry VIII beyond the seas. In May 1520 he supplied much cloth of silver for the queen's use (Henry VIII's Letters and Papers, vol. iii. pt. i. p. 852). In 1521 he figured among the Duke of Buckingham's creditors (ib.vol. iii. pt. i. p. 1285). On 7 March 1526-7 he received a license to import cloth of gold and silver, silks, and jewels for the king, and in November 1527 supplied stuffs for the court revels. In 1529 and the following years he spent some time on business at Bergen-op-Zoom and from that town and from Antwerp sent many interesting letters of intelligence to Cromwell or the king between 1532 and 1537. While on business at Dunkirk in December 1533 he pulled down the papal bull excommunicating Henry VIII, a service which the king acknowledged by giving him 100l. a year, and making him a gentleman of the privy chamber (Grafton, Chron. p. 1222; Brampton, Autobiography, pp. 8-9), Henry also showed his regard for him by dining with him at his house. In 1536 he resided 'in Cheapside, at the sign of the Padlock.' On 29 Dec. 1537 he was granted by Henry part of the possessions of 'Elayng Spittell.' He became an alderman of the city, and was elected sheriff in 1548, when he was knighted. On 10 Oct. 1549 he rode in the procession conveying the Duke- of Somerset to the Tower (Wriothesley, Chronicle, ii, 27). He died in his house in Bow Lane on 24 Aug, 1550, and was buried on the 27th in the Mercers' Chapel in the church of St. Thomas Acres (Machyn, Diary, i. 313). He married four times: (1) Alice Spencer (d. 1522); (2) Catherine, daughter of William Cooke of Salisbury {d. 14 Oct. 1537, and buried at St. Martin Abbey, Surrey}; (3) Elinor, widow of Walter Marsh (d. 1540); and (4) Elizabeth (d. 1551), widow of one Hatton and of Robert Meredith successively. His fourth, like his first, wife was buried in Mercers' Chapel (cf. Machyn, Diary, pp. 12, 323). He left issue by his first two wives: by the first, eight sons and one daughter, and by the second five sons and five daughters. Michael Lok [q. v.] and Henry Lok, father of Henry Lok [q. v.] the poet, were sons of the second marriage.

[Carew's Survey of Cornwall; Fox Bourne's Life of John Locke; Gent. Mag. 1792, p. 799; King's Life of Locke; Letters and Papers of Henry VIII; Dr. Grosart's Memoir of Henry Lok in Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies, vol. ii.]

S. L.

LOLA MONTEZ, Countess von Landsfeld (d. 1861). [See Gilbert, Marie Dolores Eliza Rosanna.]

LOMBARD, DANIEL (1678–1746), divine, born at Angers 10 April 1678, was the eldest son of the Rev. John Lombard (French protestant minister in Anjou, who left France through the revocation of the