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where it is reprinted (vol. iii. 1717, p. 183). But there is neither external nor internal evidence to support the theory.

[A pedigree of the Luke family is given in the Harleian Society's Visitation of Bedfordshire. The best Life of Luke is in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1823, pi, ii. Other authorities cited above.]

C. H. F.

LUKE, STEPHEN, M.D. (1763–1829), physician, second son of Stephen Luke, was born at Penzance, Cornwall, in 1763. He was sent to the school of the Rev. James Parker, was then apprenticed to Richard Moyle, apothecary, of Marazion, and subsequently studied medicine in London and Paris for three years, becoming a member of the Corporation of Surgeons. After a short period of practice in London he returned to Cornwall and practised at Helston. He obtained the degree of M.D. from the university of Aberdeen, 24 June 1792, and settled as a physician at Falmouth, where he soon attained a large practice and was elected mayor in 1797. He was captain of the Pendennis volunteer cavalry in the same year and the original promoter of the Pendennis artillery volunteers. He became an extra-licentiate of the College of Physicians 23 July 1806. He entered in 1808 at Jesus College, Cambridge, and in 1811 took a house in Exeter for a short stay. Practice, however, came to him, and he stayed there nearly four years. He was admitted a licentiate of the College of Physicians 26 June 1815, and took a house in Cavendish Square, London. He graduated M.B. at Cambridge later in 1815 and M.D. in 1821. In 1828 he was made physician extraordinary to George IV. He died in London 30 March 1829. He married Harriot, daughter of Philip Puron Vyvyan of Tresmarrow, South Petherwin.

Luke contributed an essay on nitrous acid in dropsy to Thomas Beddoes's ‘Contributions to Physical and Medical Knowledge,’ 1799. In this he describes a single case of cirrhosis of the liver in which, after tapping, nitrous acid was of use as a diuretic. He also added ‘Observations on the Diseases of Cornwall’ to Polwhele's ‘History of Cornwall,’ 1806.

[Munk's Coll. of Phys. iii. 131; Gent. Mag. 1829, i. 641; Luard's Grad. Cantab.; Boase and Courtney's Bibl. Cornub. i. 328, iii. 1271.]

N. M.

LUKIN, HENRY (1628–1719), nonconformist divine, born 1 Jan. 1627–8, belonged to the family of Lukin of Mashbury, Essex. He was probably the second son of Henry Lukin, by his second wife Hannah (see Visitation of Essex, Harl. Soc., xiii. 438). He seems to have adopted puritan opinions. At the Restoration he was travelling in France, probably as tutor with Sir William Masham of High Lever, Essex. He was still abroad at the passing of the Act of Uniformity in 1662, and was ‘silenced at a distance.’ According to Davids he was then associated with Lindsell, a parish three miles from Great Dunmow, but is also stated to have held neither benefice nor cure. In 1663, the year of Sir William Masham's death, Lukin returned to England, and resided ‘for many years’ with Mrs. Masham of Matching Hall (apparently Sir William's mother, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Trevor Lukin), preaching regularly at Matching Green, where a nonconformist chapel, which survived until 1745, was afterwards erected. Through the Masham family Lukin became the friend of the philosopher Locke, and is said to have been the last person with him when he died. Lukin died on 13 Sept. 1719.

Lukin published: 1. ‘The Practice of Godliness, or Brief Rules directing Christians how to keep their hearts,’ &c., 2nd ed. London, 1650, dedicated to Mrs. Elizabeth Masham. 2. ‘The Life of Faith, wherein is shewed the use of Faith in all the Passages of a Christian's Life,’ London, 1660. To this is appended, with separate paging, 3. ‘A Discourse of Right Judgment’ (on John vii. 24). 4. ‘The Chief Interest of Man, or a Discourse of Religion, clearly demonstrating the Equity of the Precepts of the Gospel,’ London, 1665; 3rd ed. 1718. In 1705 a Latin translation of this appeared at Oxford, by Simon Priest, M.A., with the title ‘Lucrum Hominis præcipuum sive de Religione Tractatus.’ 5. ‘An Introduction to the Holy Scripture, containing the several Tropes, Figures, Proprieties of Speech used therein, &c.,’ London, 1669. 6. ‘The Interest of the Spirit in Prayer,’ London, 1674 and 1678, 8vo. 7. An introductory letter, dated 21 Nov. 1690, prefixed to Timothy Rogers's ‘Discourse on Trouble of Mind,’ 1706. 8. ‘A Remedy against Spiritual Troubles,’ 1694, 12mo (Calamy).

[Watt's Bibl. Brit.; Lukin's preface to the reader in the Chief Interest of Man; Harleian Soc., vol. xiii.; Davids's Nonconformity in Essex; Calamy's Account, p. 314, Continuation, p. 492, expanded in Palmer's Nonconf. Mem. ii. 229.]

W. A. S.

LUKIN, LIONEL (1742–1834), inventor of lifeboats, youngest son of William Lukin of Blatches, Little Dunmow, of an old Essex family, by Anne, daughter of James Stokes, was born at Dunmow 18 May 1742. One of his ancestors was Henry Lukyn (1586–1630), who is described by Anthony à Wood as a