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died at Bethnal Green on 7 June 1684, and was buried at Clapham on 11 June. His wife Sarah had predeceased him in September 1678. In his will he left property to his two daughters, Sarah and Mary, all that survived of a large family. On the title-page to the ‘Farewell Sermons of the Ejected Ministers,’ London, 1662, is a small portrait of Lye, with thirteen others. Wood pronounces it ‘very like him.’ Lye's books were sold by auction in London in November 1684.

Lye published funeral sermons on Mrs. Elizabeth Nicoll, 1660, and on W. Hiett, 1681, and many sermons by him appear in the various editions of the ‘Morning Exercises,’ 1660, 1674–7, 1683, and 1844–5. He also wrote: 1. ‘The Fixed Saint,’ 1662, printed also in ‘The London Ministers' Legacy,’ 1662, and in ‘Collection of Farewell Sermons,’ 1663, 1816. 2. ‘Plain and Familiar Method of Instructing the Younger Sort according to the Lesser Catechism of the Assembly of Divines,’ 12mo, 1673. 3. ‘A new Spelling Book,’ 1674, 1677. 4. ‘The Child's Delight,’ about 1674 (bookseller's advertisement in Lye, Assemblies Shorter Catechism), 1684. Wood says it was several times reprinted. 5. ‘The Assemblies Shorter Catechism drawn out into distinct Propositions,’ 1674. 6. ‘Explanation of the Shorter Catechism,’ 1675, 1676, 1683, 1688, 1689. 7. ‘The Principles of the Christian Religion, in a short Catechism,’ 1706.

[Wood's Athenæ (Bliss), iv. cols. 134–6; Wood's Fasti (Bliss), ii. cols. 2, 123; Gardiner's Wadham College, pp. 133–4; Carlisle's Endowed Grammar Schools, ii. 516; Cal. of State Papers, Dom. Ser. 1651 p. 304, 1651–2 pp. 20–1; Lye's Fixed Saint; Hist. of King Killers, pt. vi. pp. 22–4; Brit. Mus. Addit. MS. 19165, p. 267; Kennett's Register, p. 311; Palmer's Nonconformist's Memorial, i. 84; Wilson's Dissenting Churches, i. 525–6; Wilson's manuscript Dissenting Churches (London and Suburbs), in Dr. Williams's Library, pp. 92, 268; Granger's Biog. Hist. 2nd edit. iii. 319; Bromley's Engraved Portraits; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Cat. of Dr. Williams's Library; Cat. of Bodleian Library; Cat. of King's Pamphlets (Brit. Mus.); will (78, Hare) in Somerset House; Clapham par. reg.; Sale Cat. of Lye's books, 1684; Lamb's Funeral Sermon on Sarah Lye.]

B. P.

LYELL. [See also Lyall and Lyle.]

LYELL, CHARLES (1767–1849), botanist and student of Dante, born at Kinnordy, Forfarshire, 7 March 1767, was the eldest son of Charles Lyell of that place. He was educated at St. Andrews and at St. Peter's College, Cambridge, whence he graduated B.A. in 1791, proceeding M.A. in 1794. From 1797 to 1825 Lyell lived at Bartley Lodge in the New Forest, and devoted himself mainly to botany, especially to the study of mosses. Several species of these plants bear his name, besides the genus Lyellia of Robert Brown. He also contributed lichens to Smith's ‘English Botany.’ In 1813 he became a fellow of the Linnean Society. In 1826 he finally settled at Kinnordy, and seems subsequently to have been chiefly engaged on the study of Dante. Lyell died at Kinnordy, 8 Nov. 1849, leaving a valuable library of works relating to his two branches of study. He married in 1796 a daughter of Thomas Smith of Maker Hall, Swaledale, Yorkshire, by whom he had three sons and seven daughters. His wife died in 1850. His eldest son, Sir Charles Lyell, is noticed separately. A son Henry entered the army, and another, Thomas, entered the navy.

In 1835 he published, at his own expense, a translation of ‘The Canzoniere of Dante … including the poems of the Vita Nuova and Convito.’ In 1842 another edition of ‘The Vita Nuova and Convito’ was published in London, and in 1845 a collection of ‘The Lyrical Poems of Dante,’ translated by him. In 1847 he issued in Paris ‘Notes to J. Hardouin's “Doutes proposées sur l'âge du Dante.”’

[Athenæum, 1849, p. 1160; Proc. Linnean Soc. 1850, ii. 87; Proc. Geol. Soc. 1876, p. 53; Life of Sir Charles Lyell, 1881; Britten and Boulger's Index of British and Irish Botanists, 1893.]

G. S. B.

LYELL, Sir CHARLES (1797–1875), geologist, eldest son of Charles Lyell [q. v.] of Kinnordy, near Kirriemuir, in central Forfarshire, was born in the family residence there on 14 Nov. 1797. The family moved to the south of England before Charles was one year old, and his father rented Bartley Lodge, in the New Forest, two miles from Lyndhurst, from that time until 1825. Lyell's schooldays were passed, first at Ringwood, then at Dr. Radcliffe's school in Salisbury, and finally, in 1810, at Dr. Bayley's school at Midhurst. An autobiography of this period is prefixed to his ‘Life, Letters, and Journals’ (published in 1881). The scientific taste of his father, himself a competent botanist, gave an undoubted impetus to Charles's powers of observation, while the open-air freedom of his life in the New Forest and Sussex encouraged a liking for natural history. His favourite pursuit was the collection of insects, but we have a glimpse of him and his companions rolling flints down the steep sides of Old Sarum, and searching for quartz crystals in the fragments (Life and Letters,