Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 34.djvu/350

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Lynne
Lynne
344

the elder [q. v.] He graduated B.A. from Peterhouse, Cambridge, in 1698, and took the degree of M.B. in 1704. In 1712 he was elected a member of the Gentleman's Society at Spalding, and his name appears among the ‘extra regular members’ in the account of the society in ‘Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica,’ vol. iii. He is there described as ‘performer in music and author.’ In 1714 he published an ‘Essay towards a more easie and safe Method of Cure in the Small Pox.’ In 1715 he printed ‘Some Reflections upon the Modern Practisers of Physick in relation to the Small Pox.’ A satire entitled ‘Nyktopsia, or the Use and Abuse of Snuffers,’ 1726, is also attributed to him (Watt). The preface is signed ‘W. L.,’ and the name in full is written in a contemporary hand in the British Museum copy. But Lynn's chief claim to remembrance is his relation with the steam-engine. In 1726 he printed ‘The Case of Walter Lynn, M.B., in relation to divers Undertakings of his, particularly for the Improvement of an Engine to raise Water by Fire, &c.’ He states that he intended to present a petition to parliament for a reward, but the journals do not contain any record of it. The ‘Case,’ which gives some personal details, does not disclose the nature of his improvements in the steam-engine. He states that his invention had been submitted to ‘Sir Isaac Newton, Sir Christopher Wren, Mr. Wren, Brook Taylor, and since then to a noble peer, who has seen and observed things well both at home and abroad.’ At the end of the ‘Case’ there is a certificate signed by Sir Christopher Wren and his son, and by Brook Taylor, stating that they had examined Lynn's proposals, and believed them worthy of encouragement. Lynn died in March 1763, aged 85, and was buried at Grantham on 19 March.

[The Case is printed in full in Notes and Queries, 7th ser. vii. 241, from an apparently unique copy in the possession of Mr. W. E. A. Axon. See also the Genealogist, vol. i.; Nichols's Lit. Anecdotes, vi. 72.]

R. B. P.

LYNNE, NICHOLAS of (fl. 1360), Carmelite. [See Nicholas.]

LYNNE, WALTER (fl. 1550), printer and translator, lived at Somers Quay, near Billingsgate, and also seems to have kept a shop at the sign of the Eagle, near St. Paul's School. As his dedications and prefaces show, he was an ardent reformer; he printed and translated works of a religious kind and enjoyed the patronage of Cranmer. His mark consisted of a ram and a goat, with the letters W. and L. His chief published translations are: 1. ‘The Beginning and Endynge of all Popery, or Popishe Kyngedome,’ London, 1548, 4to, from the German, printed by Herford. It has many curious woodcuts. 2. A version in English of Cranmer's ‘Catechismus’ (a Latin translation from the German of Justus Jonas), London, 1548, 8vo. Two editions the same year, one printed by Hyll. 3. ‘A Declaration of the Twelve Articles of the Christen Faith,’ London, 1548, 8vo; translated from the German of Urban Regius and printed by Jugge. 4. ‘The Divisyon of the Places of the Lawe and of the Gospell …,’ by Petrus Artopocus, with ‘two Orations of Prayeng to God made by S. John Chrisostome,’ London, 1548, 8vo, printed by Lynne. Another edition has no date. 5. ‘A Frutefull and Godly Exposition and Declaracion of the Kyngdom of Christ,’ two of Luther's sermons, ‘whereunto is annexed a godly sermon of U. Regius,’ London, 1548, 8vo, printed for Lynne and dedicated to the Princess Elizabeth. 6. ‘The chiefe and pryncypall Articles of the Christen Faythe … with other thre … bokes [viz.] the Confessyon of the Faythe of Doctor M. Luther. Of the ryght Olde Catholyke Churche. … The three Symboles … of the Christen Faythe, in the Churche unfourmely used.’ Also ‘A Singular and Fruteful Maner of Prayeng used by … M. Luther,’ London, 1548, 8vo, printed for Lynne. 7. ‘A lytle Treatise after the maner of an Epistle,’ &c., London, 1548, 8vo, translated from Regius. 8. Luther's three ‘Sermons on Sickness and Burial’ (Watt), London, 1549, 8vo. 9. ‘A Treatise or Sermon’ (by Bullinger), ‘concernynge Magistrates and Obedience of Subjects,’ London, 1549, 8vo, printed for Lynne, who added an epistle and dedication to Edward VI. 10. ‘The Thre Bokes of Cronicles’ by John Carion, with Funcke's appendix, London, 1550, 8vo, printed for Lynne, who has added a preface on the use of reading history; dedicated to Edward VI. 11. ‘A brief and a compendious Table in maner of a Concordaunce, openyng the waye to the Principall Histories of the whole Bible,’ London, 1550, 1563, 12mo, from the German of Bullinger, Jude Pellicanus, and others. Lynne added a translation of the third book of Machabees, and dedicated the whole to the Duchess of Somerset.

Among his publications was ‘The true Beliefe in Christ and his Sacramentes set forth in a Dialogue,’ London, 1550, 8vo; a translation from Dutch by Roy, with a dedication to Anne, duchess of Somerset, by Lynne, who only in all probability printed the title-page and first three leaves; the rest was printed abroad. A copy at the British Museum has the duchess's initials in gold on the cover.