Open main menu

Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 47.djvu/382

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.


is a letter from Reginald Lambourne, fellow of Merton College, to Rede, on the conjunctions to take place in 1368–74. In Ashmole MS. 191, f. 56, there is ‘Introitus Solis in Arietem Anno Gracie 1440 .... juxta Tabulas Magistri Rede.’

Besides these, Rede was the author of some short historical tracts, all contained in Cotton MS. Julius B. III: 1. ‘Chronica a Christo de papis et imperatoribus ad Ludowicum Bavariæ,’ ff. 3–31. The earlier lives of the popes are by Richard of Cluny; the later ones, from Honorius III to Gregory XI, are by Rede. 2. ‘De Archiepiscopis Cantuariensibus ad Whittlesey,’ ff. 31–42. The later lives, and particularly that of Simon Islip, appear to be written from personal knowledge. 3. ‘Chronica a Bruto usque ad 1367,’ ff. 51–115. The volume also contains a ‘Provinciale Romanum,’ or list of the subject sees of Rome, and two short pieces on f. 51, entitled ‘Reliquiæ ecclesiæ Lateranensis’ and ‘De Denariis Petri in Anglia.’ Like others of Rede's books, the manuscript was at one time in the possession of Thomas Allen (1542–1632) [q. v.] From Allen it passed to Sir Kenelm Digby, who presented it to Sir Robert Cotton.

A William Read, who was archdeacon of Chichester 1398–1411, chancellor in 1407, and treasurer in 1411 (Le Neve, Fasti Eccl. Angl. i. 260, 268, 270), may have been a relative of William Rede the bishop, or perhaps more probably of Robert Reade [q. v.]

[Leland's Comment. de Scriptoribus, p. 352; Tanner's Bibl. Brit.-Hib. 618; Walsingham's Historia Anglicana, i. 307; Fasciculi Zizaniorum, p. 516; Godwin, De Præsulibus, p. 506; Wilkins's Concilia, iii. 107, 122; Fœdera, iii. 886, 1055; Rolls of Parliament, vols. ii. and iii.; Brodrick's Memorials of Merton College, Boase's Register of Exeter College, p. 9, Wood's Life, ed. Clark, iv. 288–9 (these last three in Oxf. Hist. Soc. publications); Wood's Colleges and Halls, pp. 5, 98, 157, 197, and History and Antiquities, i. 450, 475, ed. Gutch; Sussex Archæological Collections, xvii. 194–7; Stephens's Chichester, p. 119; Catalogues of Digby and Ashmolean MSS.]

C. L. K.


REDE, WILLIAM LEMAN (1802–1847), dramatist, brother of Leman Thomas [Tertius] Rede [q. v.], was born at Hamburg in 1802. At an early age he took to writing for the stage. He was very intimately connected with the Strand Theatre, under the management of W. J. Hammond. To introduce Lionel Benjamin Rayner at that theatre in 1832, he wrote a piece called ‘Professionals Puzzled,’ which gained him immediate popularity. On 23 Jan. 1833 his most successful play, ‘The Rake's Progress,’ was produced at the Olympic, and ran for the entire season. In rapid succession appeared ‘His First Champagne’ at the Strand, October 1833; ‘Cupid in London,’ extravaganza, at the Queen's Theatre, in January 1835; ‘The Old and Young Stager,’ farce, at the Olympic, December 1835; ‘Come to Town,’ farce, at the Strand, April 1836; ‘The Gaberlunzie Man,’ extravaganza, at the English Opera House, September 1836; ‘Douglas Travestie’ and ‘the Peregrinations of Pickwick’ at the Adelphi in 1837; ‘Sixteen-String Jack’ and ‘An Affair of Honour’ at the Olympic in 1841. After 1841 he turned his attention to other branches of literature, though still writing occasional pieces for the stage. He frequently contributed to ‘Bentley's,’ the ‘New Monthly,’ and other magazines. In 1842 he started a rival to ‘Punch,’ called ‘Judy,’ of which only two numbers appeared. In 1846 a novel, entitled ‘The Royal Rake,’ founded on the early history of George IV, appeared in the ‘Sunday Times,’ and he was engaged on ‘The Man in Possession’ for the same paper at the time of his death. He died suddenly of apoplexy on 3 April 1847, at his house in Southampton Street.

By his wife Sarah, daughter of John Cooke, a bass singer of Drury Lane Theatre, whom he married in 1832, he left one son.

[Era, 11 April 1847; Gent. Mag. 1847, i. 666; Ward's Men of the Reign, p. 747; Spielman's Hist. of Punch, 1895, p. 283.]

E. I. C.


REDERECH (fl. 580), British king. [See Rhydderch Hael.]


REDESDALE, Earl of. [See Mitford, John Thomas Freeman-, 1805–1886.]


REDESDALE, Baron. [See Mitford, John Freeman-, 1748–1830.]


REDESDALE, ROBIN of (fl. 1470), popular leader. [See Robin.]


REDFERN, JAMES FRANK (1838–1876), sculptor, was born at Hartington, Derbyshire, in 1838. As a boy he showed a taste for art by carving and modelling from the woodcuts of illustrated papers. At the suggestion of the vicar of Hartington, he executed in alabaster a group of a warrior and a dead horse. This was brought to the notice of Alexander James Beresford-Hope [q. v.], on whose estate Redfern was born. Hope sent him to Paris to study for six months. His first work exhibited at the Royal Academy, ‘Cain and Abel’ (1859), attracted the notice of John Henry Foley [q. v.] He exhibited a ‘Holy Family’ in 1861, ‘The Good Samaritan’ in 1863, and other subjects almost every year until his death. These were at first