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3. 'A Treatise of the Lord's Praier, Twelue Articles of Faith, and Ten Commandments,' London, 1583, 4to. 4. 'A Godly Treatise wherein are examined and confuted many exacrable fancies given out and holden partly by Henry Barrow and John Greenwood, partly by other of the Anabaptistical order,' London, 1589, 4to. 5. 'The Perpetuity of Faythe,' in Latin, of which a translation was licensed to Thomas Salisbury, 1593. 6. 'Robert Some his Three Questions . . . also a Proposition,' Cambridge, 1596, 8vo; this was translated into Latin and published under another title, Basle, 1602, 12mo; and with other justification, Harderwyk, 1613, 8vo. iii. 685).

[Cooper's Athenae Cant. i. 510; East Anglian, ii. 12; Cal. of Hatfield MSS. vi. 446; Gough's Index to Parker Soc. Publ. ; Maskell's Hist. of the Mar-Prelate Controversy, pp. 16.20; Arber's Scholar's Library, vol. i.; Nichols's Progr. of Queen Elizabeth, iii. 34, 93 ; see art. Penry, John.]

W. A. J. A.

SOME or SOLME, THOMAS (fl. 1540–1550), protestant divine, born about 1510, was probably the canon of St. Osyth's, Essex, who in 1535 wrote a letter (extant in Cotton. MS. Cleop. E. iv. 8) to Cromwell, begging to be released from monastic life. He had, he said, been compelled to receive the habit in his fourteenth year by the threats of his schoolmaster, and for twelve years he had borne unwillingly the yoke of religion. He adopted advanced protestant views, and about 1540 published a ‘Traetys callyde the Lordis flayle, handlyde by the Bushops poure thresshere, Thomas Solme,’ n. d., printed ‘at Basyl by me Theophyll Emlos,’ 8vo (Brit. Mus.). Soon afterwards he was ‘imprisoned upon the thirty-nine articles’ (Strype, Eccl. Mem. I. i. 567), and in July 1546 the ‘Lord's Flail’ was one of the books burnt by Bonner, in accordance with the king's proclamation (Foxe, Actes and Mon. v. 568, 839). After the accession of Edward VI Some became an active and popular preacher. In 1549 he ‘gathered, writ, and brought into light the famous sermons of Master Hugh Latimer,’ i.e. the ‘Seven Sermons,’ London, 1549, 8vo, for which Some wrote an introduction, dedicating the work to Catherine Grey, duchess of Suffolk. In 1551 he appended verses to the ‘Preservative or Triacle’ of William Turner [q. v.], dean of Wells; but the work on justification which he promised in his ‘Lord's Flail’ does not appear to have been published. Some appears to have fled on Mary's accession, and to have died abroad. He has been frequently confused with Thomas Soulemont or Solme [q. v.]

[Authorities cited; works in Brit. Mus. Lib.; Tanner's Bibl. s.v. ‘Sulmo;’ Bale, ix. 32; Pits, p. 733; Wood's Athenæ Oxon. i. 149; Hazlitt's Colls., i. 393; Latimer's Works (Parker Soc.), i. xiv, 81.]

A. F. P.

SOMER, PAUL van. [See Van Somer.]

SOMER, HENRY (fl. 1440), chancellor of the exchequer, was probably a relative of John Somer [q. v.] Henry was a clerk of the exchequer in the early years of Henry IV (Devon, Issue Roll, pp. 274–86). He was keeper of the privy wardrobe 13 Feb. 1405. He was one of the clerks appointed by the House of Commons to superintend the engrossment of the rolls of Parliament in 1406 (Rot. Parl. iii. 585). He was made a baron of the exchequer on 8 Nov. 1407, and was chancellor of the exchequer on 20 June 1410 (Palgrave, Kalendars of the Exchequer, ii. 85). Hoccleve styles him under-treasurer in a poem addressed to him, probably in 1407, and he perhaps held this office in connection with the chancellorship of the exchequer. Somer had an annuity of 40l. by royal grant from the abbey of Bury St. Edmunds, which he still held in 1444 when he was a member of a commission in relation to the foundation of King's College, Cambridge (Rot. Parl. v. 92–4).

Somer was a friend of Hoccleve and a member of the poet's court of Good Company, as appears in a ballad entitled ‘Cestes Balade ensuyante fust par la Court de Bone Compagnie envoiee a lonure Sire Henri Somer Chancellor de Leschequer et un de la dite Court;’ this poem probably dates from April 1410. Perhaps he was also a friend of Chaucer, whose pension Somer received for him on 5 June 1400.

[Hoccleve's Works, ed. Mason; Hoccleve's Minor Poems, ed. Furnivall (Early English Text Society); Foss's Judges of England; authorities quoted.]

C. L. K.

SOMER, SEMUR, SOMERARIUS, JOHN (fl. 1380), Minorite astronomer, belonged to the Franciscan house at Bridgewater, and was probably at Oxford in 1380. At the instance of Thomas Kingsbury, provincial minister of the order, he wrote a calendar with astronomical tables—‘Tertium Opusculum Kalendarii’—for Joan, princess of Wales, mother of Richard II; it is dated 1380. Of this there are many copies—the illuminated MS. Bibl. Reg. 2 B. viii. was perhaps the presentation copy. In it the cycles run from 1387 to 1462, but in the Cotton MS. Vesp. E. vii., which contains also some planispheres, the cycle is 1405 to 1481. Another copy, among the queen of Sweden's manuscripts at the Vatican, is dated 1384, and with it is a ver-