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M. Ja. Morris Jastrow, Ph.D.
Professor of Semitic Languages, University of Pennsylvania. Author of Religion of the Babylonians and Assyrians; &c.
Babylonia and Assyria:         Proper Names;
Babylonian and Assyrian Religion
; Bel; Belit.
M. P.* Léon Jacques Maxime Prinet.
Auxiliary of the Institute of France (Academy of Moral and Political Sciences), Author of L’Industrie du sel en Franche-Comté.
Avaray; Bar-le-Duc;
; Bauffremont;
; Beaujeu;
: Family.
N. B. W. N. B. Wagle.
Formerly Lecturer on Sanskrit at the Robert Money Institution, Bombay. Vice-President of the London Indian Society. Author of Industrial Development of India; &c.
Bhau Daji.
N. H. M. Rev. Newton Herbert Marshall., M.A., Ph.D. (Halle)
Minister of Heath Street Baptist Church, Hampstead, London. Author of Gegenwartige Richtungen der Religionsphilosophie in England; Theology and Truth.
N. M. Norman McLean, M.A.
Fellow, Lecturer and Librarian of Christ’s College, Cambridge. University Lecturer in Aramaic. Examiner for the Oriental Languages Tripos and the Theological Tripos at Cambridge.
N. V. Joseph Marie Noel Valois.
Member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Honorary Archivist at the Archives Nationales. Formerly President of the Société de l’Histoire de France and of the Société de l’Ecole de Chartes.
Basel, Council of;
Benedict XIII. (anti-pope)
N. W. T. Northcote Whitbridge Thomas, M.A.
Government Anthropologist to Southern Nigeria. Corresponding Member of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris. Author of Thought Transference; Kinship and Marriage in Australia; &c.
O. Ba. Oswald Barron, F.S.A.
Editor of The Ancestor, 1902–1905.
Beard; Berkeley (Family);
Bill (Weapon)
O. Br. Oscar Briliant.
Austria-Hungary: Statistics.
O. Hr. Otto Henker, Ph.D.
On the Staff of the Carl Zeiss Factory, Jena, Germany.
Binocular Instrument.
P. A. Paul Daniel Alphandéry.
Professor of the History of Dogma, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Sorbonne, Paris. Author of Les Idées morales chez les hétérodoxes latines au début du XIIIe siècle.
P. A. A. Philip A. Ashworth, M.A., Doc.Juris.
New College, Oxford. Barrister-at-Law. Translator of H. R. von Gneist’s History of the English Constitution.
Bavaria: Statistics;
P. A. K. Prince Peter Alexeivitch Kropotkin.
See the biographical article: Kropotkin, P. A.
Baikal; Baku;
 (in part).
P. C. M. Peter Chalmers Mitchell, M.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S., D.Sc., LL.D.
Secretary to the Zoological Society of London. University Demonstrator in Comparative Anatomy and Assistant to Linacre Professor at Oxford, 1888–1891. Examiner in Zoology to the University of London, 1903. Author of Outlines of Biology; &c.
Biogenesis; Biology.
P. C. Y. Philip Chesney Yorke, M.A.
Magdalen College, Oxford.
Balfour, Sir James.
P. Gi. Peter Giles, M.A., Litt.D., LL.D.
Fellow and Classical Lecturer of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. University Reader in Comparative Philology. Formerly Secretary of the Cambridge Philological Society. Author of Manual of Comparative Philology; &c.
P. S. Philip Schidrowitz, Ph.D., F.C.S.
Member of Council, Institute of Brewing; Member of Committee of Society of Chemical Industry. Author of numerous articles on the Chemistry and Technology of Brewing, Distilling, &c.
R. A.* Robert Anchel.
Archivist of the Département de l’Eure.
R. Ad. Robert Adamson, M.A., LL.D.
See the biographical article: Adamson, Robert.
Bacon, Francis;
Bacon, Roger
; Beneke;
Berkeley, Bishop
R. A. S. M. Robert Alexander Stewart Macalister, M.A., F.S.A.
St John’s College, Cambridge. Director of Excavations for the Palestine Exploration Fund. Joint author of Excavations in Palestine, 1898–1900.
R. C. J. Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb, LL.D., D.C.L., Litt.D.
See the biographical article: Jebb, Sir Richard C.
R. Gn. Sir Robert Giffen, F.R.S.
See the biographical article: Giffen, Sir R.
Balance of Trade
R. H. C. Rev. Robert Henry Charles, M.A., D.D., Litt.D. (Oxon.).
Grinfield Lecturer and Lecturer in Biblical Studies, Oxford. Fellow of the British Academy. Formerly Senior Moderator of Trinity College, Dublin. Author and Editor of Book of Enoch; Book of Jubilees; Apocalypse of Baruch; Assumption of Moses; Ascension of Isaiah; Testaments of XII. Patriarchs; &c.