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J. P. Pe. Rev. John Punnett Peters, Ph.D., D.D.
Canon Residentiary, Cathedral of New York. Formerly Professor of Hebrew, University of Pennsylvania. In charge of Expedition of University of Pennsylvania conducting excavations at Nippur, 1888–1895. Author of Scriptures, Hebrew and Christian; Nippur, or Explorations and Adventures on the Euphrates; &c.
Bagdad: Vilayet;
: City;
J. R. P. Sir John Rahere Paget, Bart., K.C.
Bencher of the Inner Temple. Formerly Gilbart Lecturer on Banking. Author of The Law of Banking; &c.
Banks and Banking:          English Law.
J. Sm.* John Smith, C.B.
Formerly Inspector-General in Companies’ Liquidation, 1890–1904, and Inspector-General in Bankruptcy.
J. S. F. John Smith Flett, D.Sc., F.G.S.
Petrographer to the Geological Survey. Formerly Lecturer on Petrology in Edinburgh University. Neill Medallist of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Bigsby Medallist of the Geological Society of London.
J. T. Be. John T. Bealby.
Joint author of Stanford’s Europe. Formerly Editor of the Scottish Geographical Magazine. Translator of Sven Hedin’s Through Asia, Central Asia and Tibet, &c.
 (in part).
J. Vn. Julien Vinson.
Formerly Professor of Hindustani and Tamil at the École des Langues Orientales, Paris. Author of Le Basque et les langues mexicaines; &c.
Basques (in part).
J. V. B. James Vernon Bartlet, M.A., D.D. (St Andrews).
Professor of Church History, Mansfield College, Oxford. Author of The Apostolic Age; &c.
J. W. He. James Wycliffe Headlam, M.A.
Staff Inspector of Secondary Schools under the Board of Education. Formerly Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge. Professor of Greek and Ancient History at Queen’s College, London. Author of Bismarck and the Foundation of the German Empire; &c.
Austria-Hungary: History; Bamberger; Bebel;
; Beust.
K. L. Rev. Kirsopp Lake, M.A.
Lincoln College, Oxford. Professor of Early Christian Literature and New Testament Exegesis in the University of Leiden. Author of The Text of the New Testament; The Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ; &c.
Bible: New Testament: Texts and  Versions and Textual Criticism.
K. S. Kathleen Schlesinger.
Author of The Instruments of the Orchestra.
Bagpipe; Banjo;
; Barrel-organ;
Bass Clarinet
; Basset Horn; Bassoon; Batyphone.
L. A. Lyman Abbott, D.D.
See the biographical article: Abbott, L.
Beecher, Henry Ward.
L. D.* Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne.
See the biographical article: Duchesne, L. M. O.
Benedict (I.-X.)
L. J. S. Leonard James Spencer, M.A., F.G.S.
Assistant, Department of Mineralogy, Natural History Museum, South Kensington. Formerly Scholar of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Harkness Scholar. Editor of the Mineralogical Magazine.
Autunite; Axinite;
; Barytes;
; Bauxite; Biotite.
L. V.* Luigi Villari.
Italian Foreign Office (Emigration Dept.). Formerly Newspaper Correspondent in East of Europe. Author of Italian Life in Town and Country; &c.
Azeglio; Bandiera, A. and E.; Bassi, Ugo;
Bentivoglio, Giovanni
L. W. K. Leonard William King, M.A., F.S.A.
Assistant to the Keeper of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities, British Museum. Lecturer in Assyrian at King’s College, London. Conducted Excavations at Kuyunjik (Nineveh) for British Museum. Author of Assyrian Chrestomathy; Annals of the Kings of Assyria; Studies in Eastern History; Babylonian Magic and Sorcery; &c.
Babylonia and Assyria:        Chronology.
M. A. C. Maurice A. Canney, M.A.
Assistant Lecturer in Semitic Languages in the University of Manchester. Formerly Exhibitioner of St John’s College, Oxford. Pusey and Ellerton Hebrew Scholar (Oxford), 1892; Kennicott Hebrew Scholar, 1895; Houghton Syriac Prize, 1896.
M. Br. Margaret Bryant.
Beaumont and Fletcher:      Appendix.
M. D. Ch. Sir Mackenzie Dalzell Chalmers, K.C.B., C.S.I., M.A.
Trinity College, Oxford. Barrister-at-Law. Formerly Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Home Department. Author of Digest of the Law of Bills of Exchange; &c.
Bill of Exchange.
M. G. Moses Gaster, Ph.D. (Leipzig).
Chief Rabbi of the Sephardic Communities of England. Vice-President, Zionist Congress, 1898, 1899, 1900. Ilchester Lecturer at Oxford on Slavonic and Byzantine Literature, 1886 and 1891. Author of A New Hebrew Fragment of Ben-Sira; The Hebrew Version of the Secretum Secretorum of Aristotle.
M. H. C. Montague Hughes Crackanthorpe, K.C., D.C.L.
Honorary Fellow, St John’s College, Oxford. Bencher of Lincoln’s Inn. President of the Eugenics Education Society. Formerly Member of the General Council of the Bar and of the Council of Legal Education, and Standing Counsel to the University of Oxford.
Bering Sea Arbitration.