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363
ILLEGITIMACY

TABl.E VIL-A

Rate of Illegit-imacy per 1000 Births. “ It is difficult to explain the variations in the rates of illegitimacy Belfast 31 Liverpool 54 in the several counties. It may be stated generally that the ° ~ - n r 3 proportion of illegitimate children cannot alone serve as a standard Birmingham 35 Ula cheste 2

Bradford 40 Middlesbord 25 of morality. Broadly speaking, however, the single and W1(lOW€d Bristol 3, Newcastle 36 women 111 London, in the counties south of the Thames, and in the Cork 18 Nottingham 60 south-western counties have comparatiyelyfew illegitimate children; Doblln 28 Portsmouth 33 on the other hand, the number of illegitimate ohildren is com-Edlnburgh oo Salford 28 paratively high 1 n Shropshlre, in Herefordshire, in Staffordshire, Glasgow 63 Sunderland oo in Nottinghamshire, in Cumberland, in North Wales, and also in Leeds "" 54 TABLE Y Ireland Proportion per cent of Ille 2 - grttrnate Bzrths

TABLE VIII.-Scotland 1906. ' 9o3 9O -1905 906 I9O7 - ~ P f “'

Legitimate. Illegitimate. IE;-ékzsf pi; lllix§ el:Cl1I§ laé§ I?3(;0 11613-1111 - - - 2'5 2'5 2'6 T6 2-5 - P P' Total Births. 2 6

- - einster 2-6 2- 2-7 2-7 2-7

132,005 122,699 9306 27-93 7-05 Munster 2-3 2-2 2-3 2~2 2-1 Ulster - - ~ 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-5 3-3

Percclntage Percerltage Connaught 0-5 0-7 0-7 0-7 0-6 1'1 ° ° 8 ll ' ' .°

1 (l3%i-ttlliftte 1110811110310 I elglrirliliséte 1110811110310 nearly all the counties on the eastern seaboard, viz. Suffolk, Norfolk, YQ Total to:1'°1a1 Lincolnshire, the East and North Ridings of Yorkshire, and Durham. B111115- B11't11S- In the Registrar-General's Report for the year 1851 it was assumed that there was an indlrect connexion between female illiteracy and 1800 9-730 9'22 1895 9204 T28 illegitimacy. This may have been the case in the middle of the 1355 11.262 9'95 1900 8534 0'49 last century, but there 1s no conclusive evidence that such is the 1870 11,108 9'63 1901 8359 6'32 case at the present day. The proportions of illegitimacy and the 1§ ;5 10»7§ 6 1332 3302 proportions of married women who signed the marriage register 1 o 10,5 9 - 0 3 29-1885

10,680 8~47 1904 9010 6-79 TABLE XI.-Ireland 1907. 1890 9,241 7-60 1905 9082 6-91

1905 9300 7'05 No. of

C011111Y- Illegitimate Per Cent of

- Total Births

TABLE IX.-Scotland 1906. Births.

D ' lllegitxmate Illegitimate Births Leinster

Births. per 1000 of Un- Carlow 27 356 "Ti m§ {, 'f§ d wvgmen and Dublin 34 1 I5 er 1000 1 ows etween D bl- C B ll I No' Of POP- 15 and 45- Kildziile Ci .omilg 32; i 22 K'lk 5 4

1 l enny 4 3 29

Dllitrifdipal Town 4318 7-14 gogglird ' Large Town 1029 5-58 Louth 27 2 ol Small Town 1724 6-23 Meath so 2 27 lVIai1lland-rtlral 2092 9-gg Queen-s I 18 I 7o nsu ar-rura 13 5- Westmeath lo I 57 1 ' Wexford 89 4-11ghitland

31 5-30 Mwicklow .... 37 2 91

1' ney ... 29 -99 - ungtef-Caithness

84 9-96 19-4 Cl r 23 1 0

Sutherland 28 6-81 10-1 Coéi-1? Co. and Co. Borough 151 1 6; Ross and Cromarty 74 4-40 6-9 Kerry .. .... 51 I 34 Inverness .... 145 8'02 II-5 Limerick Co. and Co. Borough 107 3-I4 Nairn ..... 13 10-29 I3'2 Tipperary N R.- .. . 19 1 49 Elgin (Of Moray) ~ - 159 I5°66 26'3 Tipperary S R. ... 66 3-32 Banff .. .. 202 12-93 25- Waterford Co. and Co. Borou h 68 - 1 4 g 3 69

léberdejn 1083 1;-38 24-2 Ulitermcar me 93 -I5 17-0 ntrim .. .. . 230 5-08 Forfar 676 9-43 14-2 Armagh 99 3-49 Perth 215 7-93 I0'8 Belfast Co. Borough 355 3 I3 Fife .-.. 308 4-56 9~7 Cavan .. 27 1 54 l§ lnr oss . . go 2-25 22-2 Ilgonegal .. . 54 ' 1 36 ac mannan 3 - 9 10-9 ermanag ... 41 3 I5 Stirling 235 4-91 I3'2 Londonderry Co. and Borough 145 4 35 Dumbarton . 163 4-14 9-7 Monaghan .. . 24 1-55 férgyll - - - 148 Ig-0; 12-7 Tyroni .. .. 116 330 ut€ 30 -3 9'2 Connaug t-,

Renfrew 410 4-46 8-5 Galway 32 80

Ayr ~ - 499 623 14-3 L '1 'm 10 7

Lanark 2872 6-28 15-9 l/£1510 21 Z5 Lll1lilDhg0' l/ 99 3-88 I5-4 Roscommon 9 50 E in urg 930 7-23 11-0 Sligo 9 52 Haddington. 66 5-92 11-8

Berwick. 60 9-63 12-7 Leinster 716 2-67 Peebles 21 6-18 7-9 Munster 495 2-11 '-Selkirk 46 9~I3 II'5 Ulster 1272 3.32

Roxburgh 83 8-67 9-8 Connaught 81 60 Dumfries 218 12-51 19-9 4—Kirkcudbright 92 10-71 15-7 ' 2554

Wigtoun. 106 12-79 22-5 4

b mark are relatively high in Staffordshire, in North Wales, in ] Y

5001131111 - - - 9300 7'05 * 14°1 Durham and in the North Riding of Yorkshire; on the other hand, the year 1907. Table VI. gives the “ corrected ” rate for certain three-year periods. In connexion with these tables the following extract from the Registrar-General's Report for 1907 (p. xxx.) is important.

in Norfolk, in Suffolk and in Lincolnshire there is a comparatively high proportion of illegitimacy and a low proportion of illiteracy.”

This latter conclusion may be carried further by saying that

in those European countries where elementary education is