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which were seen on the roads in Kngland. A small cart drawn by one little horse was the carriage in common use. "A man seemed to derive some degree of dignity and importance from the reputa- tion of possessing a two-horse cart." Three miles beyond King- horn they drove through Kirkaldy, " a very long town, meanly built," where Adam Smith perhaps at that very time was taking his one amusement, "a long, solitary walk by the sea-side," smiling and talking to himself and meditating his M'callh of Nations* Here, too, Thomas Carlyle was to have " will and way-gate " upon all his friend Irving' s books, and here " with greedy velocity " he was to read the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, at the rate of a volume a day. Along the beach he was to walk " in summer twilights, a mile of the smoothest sand, with one long wave coming on gently, steadily, and breaking in gradual explosion into harm- less, melodious white at your hand all the way." 2 Of all the scenery which Johnson saw, either here or on the rest of his drive, his description is of the briefest. " The whole country," he wrote, " is extended in uniform nakedness, except that in the road between Kirkaldy and Cupar I passed for a few yards between two hedges." Night, however, had come on before their journey was ended, for they had lost time at Inch Keith. They could not, moreover, have been driven at a fast pace, for between Kinghorn and St. Andrews, a distance of nearly thirty miles, there was no change of horses to be had. 3 They crossed, perhaps without knowing it, Magus Moor, where Archbishop Sharpe, " driving home from a council day," was killed " by a party of furious men." * In going over this same moor many years later, Sir Walter Scott, being moved, as he says, by the spirit to give a picture of the assassina- tion, so told his tale that he " frightened away the night's sleep


Coming as they did through the darkness to St. Andrews, they saw nothing of that " august appearance " which the seat of the most ancient of the Scotch universities presented from afar. "It

1 Humes Letters to Strahan, p. 353, and 4 Biirnel's History of His Own Time, ed. Boswell'sy<;/;HWH, iv. 24, . 2. iSiS, ii. 82. Balfour of Burley, the leader, is

2 Reminiscences, i. 102-4. known to the readers of Old Mortality.

3 Saint-Pond's Voyage, d-Y., ii. 253. 5 Lockhart's Scott, i 72.

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