Page:Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1910 Kautzsch-Cowley edition).djvu/528

This page needs to be proofread.

ing, where we should expect a final clause (e.g. Neh 139 then I commanded, and they cleansed, equivalent to that they should cleanse, and they cleansed; in Jb 97 a negative final clause is connected in this way by וְלאֹ), cf. §120f.

For examples of the direct subordination of the final imperfect (without וְ) see §120c.

 [165b2. Final conjunctions are לְמַ֫עַן אֲשֶׁר to the end that; also simply לְמַ֫עַן Gn 1213, 2725, Ex 45, ψ 516, &c.; בַּֽעֲבוּר אֲשֶׁר prop. for the purpose that, Gn 2710, and simply בַּֽעֲבוּר Gn 274, Ex 914, 2020; also the simple אֲשֶׁר[1] Dt 410, 40, 6:3, 32:46, Jos 37, Neh 814 f.; negatively, אֲשֶׁר לֹא Gn 117, 243, 1 K 2216; or שֶׁ ּ Ec 314; also negatively, עַל־דִּבְרַת שֶׁלֹּא for the matter (purpose) that ... not, Ec 714; לְבִלְתִּי with imperfect, Ex 2020, 2 S 1414 that ... not.—Quite exceptional is the use of מִן־ (if the text be right) in Dt 3311 מִן־יְקוּמוּן, with the imperfect, equivalent to that ... not [in prose, מִקּוּם].

 [165c]  Rem. All the conjunctions here mentioned are naturally always used with the imperfect, see §107q (on the apparent exception in Jos 424, see §74g).—On the negative conjunctions אַל and פֶּן that not, lest, see §152f and w. On the infinitive with לְ[2] (also לְמַ֫עַן Gn 1819, 3722, &c.) as the equivalent of a final clause (Gn 115, 284, &c.), see §114f, h, p. On the continuation of such infinitival constructions by means of the finite verb, see §114r. On the negation of the final infinitive by לְבִלְתִּי, §114s. On the preposition מִן with a substantive or infinitive as the equivalent of a negative final clause (Gn 3129, 1 S 1523, &c.), see §119x and y.

§166. Consecutive Clauses.

 [166a1. Consecutive clauses are added by means of simple wāw copulative with the jussive,[3] especially after negative and interrogative sentences, e.g. Nu 2319 לֹא אִישׁ אֵל וִיֽכַזֵּב וּבֶן־אָדָם וְיִתְנֶחָ֑ם God is not a man, that he should lie, and (i.e. neither) the son of man, that he should repent; Is 532 וְנֶחְמְדֵ֫הוּ; Ho 1410 מִי חָכָם וְיָבֵן אֵ֫לֶּה נָבוֹן וְיֵֽדָעֵם who is wise, that he may understand these things? prudent, that he may know them? Jb 512 וְלֹא=so that ... not; in Pr 303 וְ is separated from the predicate by the object. In Gn 1610 a negative consecutive clause comes after a cohortative, and in Ex 105 after a perfect consecutive.—On the other hand, in Jb 932, 33 the jussive in the sense of a consecutive clause is attached without Wāw to the preceding negative sentence (in

  1. In Ez 3627 a final clause is introduced by אֵת אֲשֶׁר, thus at the same time taking the form of an object-clause.
  2. On לְ as a supposed conjunction (equivalent to the Arabic li) 1 K 619, see §66i.
  3. That such examples as וִיֽכַזֵּב are to be regarded as jussive is probable from the analogy of Ho 1410 and Jb 933.