Page:Japanese Wood Engravings.djvu/94

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SUMMARY OF PERIODS

Hōitsu (1761–1828). Albums of designs after Kōrin and in the style of the Kōrin school.

Chō Gesshō. Chromoxylographic albums, 1810–1825.

Mori Shunkei. Chromoxylographs, chiefly from Chinese sources, 1810–1825.

Aikawatei Minwa. Copies of pictures, 1810–1825.

Fifth Period (1829–1849).

Signalised by the later works of Hokusai, the topographical handbooks of Settan, and the landscapes of Hiroshigé. Decline of chromoxylography.

Principal Artists–

Katsushika Hokusai. Albums of Miscellaneous sketches, &c.

Keisai Yeisen, Giokuransai Sadahidé, Yanagawa Shigénobu, and Ōishi Matora (1787–1842). Chromoxylographic broadsides (non-theatrical), books, 1825–1840.

Haségawa Settan, Haségawa Settei. Topographical handbooks, 1830–1840.

Otagiri Tadachika, Matsugawa Hanzan Yasunobu, Yashima Sadaoka, Yoyen Yoshitada, Topographical handbooks, 1840–1860.

Hiroshigé (Kondo Jiubei) (1797–1858). Chromoxylographic broadsides, chiefly landscape; books.

Utagawa Kunisada, Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1800–1861). Chromoxylographic broadsides, books.

Hokushiu, Hokuyei, Hokucho, Sadamasu, Sadahiro. (Osaka School.) Theatrical chromoxylographs (1840–1860).

Kikuchi Yōsai (1787–1878). Portraits of ancient celebrities.

Hokujiu, Hokuto, Hokuba, Hokuün, Shinsai, Yanagawa Shigémasa, Numata Gessai (1787–1864), followers of Hokusai. Books, 1825–1860.

Sixth Period (1849 to Present Day).

Continued decline of single sheet chromoxylography. Decline of original book illustrations. Book illustrations in imitation of “European” manner.

Principal Artists–

Katsushika Isai. Albums and illustrated books in the style of Hokusai.

Kawanabé Kiōsai (born 1831, d. 1890). Albums of various kinds, chiefly comic, from 1860.

Sensai Yeitaku. Albums and book illustrations, from 1878.

Bairei. Albums of birds and flowers, from 1880.

Gekko. Chromoxylographic broadsides, recent.


The seven leaders in the development of Japanese wood engraving are Hishigawa Moronobu, Torii Kiyonobu, Tachibana Morikuni, Nishigawa Sukénobu, Katsugawa Shunshō, Utagawa Toyokuni, and Hokusai.