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Page:Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management.djvu/139

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97
MARKETING



COMPARATIVE VALUE OF FOOD, WITH ITS PERCENTAGE OF CARBON AND NITROGEN.
SHOWING WHAT A SHILLING WILL BUY.
A Shilling will Buy Bone. Meat. Total
Weight.
Per Cent.
Carbon
Per Cent.
Nitrogen.
Rumpsteak none. 13 oz. 13 oz. 11.00 3.00
Beefsteak none. 16 oz. 16 oz. ,, ,,
Ribs of beef 2½ oz. 15½ oz. 18 oz. ,, ,,
Leg of mutton piece none. 19 oz. 19 oz. ,, ,,
Shin none 30 oz. 30 oz. ,, ,,
Leg of mutton 2½ oz. 15½ oz. 18 oz. ,, ,
Loin of mutton 3 oz. 15 oz. 18 oz. ,, ,,
Neck (best end) 4 oz. 16 oz. 20 oz. ,, ,,
Shoulder (best end) 3 oz. 17 oz. 20 oz. ,, ,,
Veal cutlet 2 oz. 10 oz. 12 oz. ,, ,,
Breast of veal 6 oz. 16 oz. 22 oz. ,, ,,
Salmon 1 oz. 7 oz. 8 oz. 16.00 2.09
One-third of a fowl 11 oz. 9 oz. 20 oz. 14.00 3.275
Two-thirds of a rabbit 4 oz. 16 oz. 20 oz. —— ——
Bacon 2 oz. 19 oz. 21 oz. 62.58 1.394
Bread —— —— 100 oz. 30.00 1.20
Cheese —— —— 24 oz. 41.24 4.126
Potatoes —— —— 192 oz. 81.00 0.33
Oatmeal[1] —— —— 112 oz. 44.00 1.95
Haricot beans[1] —— —— 95 oz. 45.00 3.22
Hominy[1] —— —— 136 oz. 40.28 1.60


To arrive at the relative value of various foods, it is absolutely necessary to carefully estimate their different nutritive qualities.

By this table it will be seen that some expensive foods are really even more costly than they appear at first sight, because of the small proportion of flesh-forming, or nutritive quality they contain. As an instance of this one shilling will buy only 7 ozs. of salmon, containing 2 per cent nitrogen., while the same sum will buy 30 ozs. of shin of beef, containing 3 per cent, nitrogen, or 24 ozs. of cheese, containing 4 per cent.

The heat-giving qualities can be estimated by comparing the large percentage of carbon which such foods as oatmeal and potatoes contain with the small amount which is found in various meats. Thus one shilling will buy 136 ozs. of hominy, containing 40.28 per cent, of carbon, or 192 ozs. of potatoes, containing 81 per cent., whilst it will only buy 13 ozs. of steak, which contains 11 per cent, of carbon.


"Once, weeklv. remember thy charges to cast,
Monthly, see how thy expenses may last."—Tusser, 1557.

   




Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Artificially dried. Reckon half as much again for the water to be added.