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104


NOTES AND QUERIES. no s. xu. AUG. 7, 1909.


Phraseonym. A phrase used instead of a proper name, as A member of the Estab- lished Church [Sir John Bayley, Bt.] : H. p. 12.

Videbemus (i.e. we shall see), Joannes {J. A. S. Collin de Plancy].

Phrenodemonym (see demonym). A pseudonym that means something, with qualification added.

Phrenogeonym (see geonym). Pseudo- nym that means something with the country added.

Example : An English opium-eater [T. De Quincey] : H. p. 15.

Phrenonym. Any word or phrase that means or expresses something ; moral quality taken for a proper name.

Examples : ' The Corporation Register and Civic- and Parochial Reporter,' by Edward Search [W. H. Ashurst : b. 1792, d. 1855]. This periodical, advocating reforms in the -city of London, has no date, but was pub- lished in 1832 in 8vo. No. 2, pp. 17 to 32, only is preserved in the National Library. In the Handbook 1 put "John" Search, which of course misled the plagiarists of that work. Some years afterwards I became, acquainted with the author's son (then solicitor to the Post Office), who gave me the right pseudonym.

John Search [Archbishop Whately, 1833]. H. p. 117.

John Search [Thomas Binney. See 4 M.E.B.'].

Alethinos. H. p. 10.

Caveat Emptor. H. p. 47 and pp. 184, 185, and other instances.

Rigoleur (Jean) [L. F. J. Van den Zande].

My small French dictionary explains rigoler as "to make trenches " ; but the equivalent of Jean in English would be Jack, and of Rigoleur, Makemerry.

Polyonym. Work by several authors or several names or pseudonyms to one book. The ' O.E.D.' says " a book by several (specifically more than three) authors." In the H. I used it for more than two.

By some oversight (?) Querard uses this word without the second o up to " une Societe litteraire de jolies femmes " (vol. iv. 383). When the word next occurs (on p. 642), it is for " les vrais catholiques francais," which he calls a polyonyme. As he says it is by Louis d' Orleans, I should have thought he would have called it a pseudonym^ or phraseonym. In his list Pierquin has polynym, and I followed him, -and all my copyists follow me ! It is all i-he'more curious that Querard should have


made such a slip, because in 1845 he issued his ' Dictionnaire des ouvrages polyonymes et anonymes.'

Examples : ' The Bouquet,' &c., by Bluebell [Lady Hester Georgiana Browne, daughter of 2nd Marquess of Sligo], King- cups [Misses Knatchbull], and Mignonette [Miss Hume MiddlemassJ, arranged by Thistle [Mr. Hume Middlemass] : H. p. 25. For a polyonym initialism see H. p. 35.

Prenonym. Forename only.

Examples : Charlotte Elizabeth [Phelan, see H. p. 30]. Harriet [White, see H. p. 57]. Isa [Craig, see H. p. 63]. Theophile [Viaud, poete francais 1626],

English writers do not seem fond of a fore- name only as a name for authorship. I imagined that there would be numbers who had written as Jack or John ; but though there are pages in the National Library Catalogue at the British Museum under these names, there are no instances of Jack or John being used as pseudonyms or prenonyms, though we find ' The House that Jack Built,' and ' Jack and Jill,' and ' Jack the Giant-killer.'

Pseudandry. Woman signing a man's name.

Examples : George Eliot [Mary Ann Evans, see H. p. 47].

' The Long and the Short of It,' revealed by Stephanos Outatelbows Lacerates [Mrs. Emilie Ashurst Venturi, granddaughter of W. H. Ashurst mentioned under phrenonym], edited by Parker Stevens [pseudonym]. 1869.

George Sand [Madame A. A. L. Dudevant, H. p. 111].

Daniel Stern [Madame la Comtesse d'Agoult].

Pseudoapoconym (see apoconym).

Example : T. . . Vallier [Louis Tolmer].

Used by Querard, ' S.L.D.,' vol. iv. p. 540.

Pseudoaristonym (see aristonym).

Example : de Vouziers [D. J. Moithey, de Vouziers in the Ardennes] : ' S.L.D.,' iv. 634.

Pseudogeonym (see geonym).

Examples : ' The Complete Grazier .... by a Lincolnshire Grazier,' 1805. By the Rev. T. H. Home, who was a Londoner bred and born, and knew nothing about grazing, and was most probably never in Lincolnshire : H. p. 10.

Suedois (un) [le Baron J. F. de Bourgoing].

Pseudogyn. Man signing a woman's name.

Example : M. Pelham [Sir B. Phillips : see H. p. 98]. The British Museum Library