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NOTES AND QUERIES, no s. XIL OCT. IG, im


of Nova Scotia, lieutenant-general in the armies of the Emperor of Germany, and captain-general ad interim of the Low Countries." He died at Dresden, 5 Oct., 1811. THOMAS BAYNE.

James Ogilvy, seventh and last Earl of Findlater in the peerage of Scotland, " d.s.p. at Dresden 5 Oct., 1811, aged 51, and was buried there " (G. E. C.'s ' Complete Peerage ' ). W. D. MACRAY.

M.P.'s UNIDENTIFIED : HENRY ROSE- WABNE (10 S. xii. 69). Henry Rosewarne, the member for Truro from 1780 to 1783, was a merchant in that city. I state in my volume, on ' The Parliamentary Representa- tion of Cornwall to 1832 ' that, " unhappily for his reputation, he is remembered now as the subject of the satires and practical jokes of Peter Pindar," and that he " repre- sented his native town through the influence of Sir Francis Basset," afterwards Lord de Dunstanville, having gained the election by one vote.

Much about him will be found in the volumes of the Rev. Richard Polwhele, and in the other works which are mentioned by Mr. G. C. Boase and myself in the entries under Rosewarne's name in the

  • Bibliotheca Cornubiensis.' Two interesting

speeches by him are reported in Hansard's ' Parliamentary History of England,' vol. xxi. pp. 1266-9 and 139*2-5. The second of them was followed by some remarks in his justification from Lord North.

Rosewarne's niece and heiress married the Rev. John Thomas Thomson, who acquired considerable reputation as a botan- ist (cf. C. S. Gilbert, ' Survey of Cornwall,' ii. 273). She died at Penzance on 30 Sept., 1792. For further information about them see ' Bibl. Cornub.' W. P. COURTNEY.

SACRED PLACE-NAMES IN FOREIGN LANDS (10 S. xi. 467 ; xii. 176, 254). With regard to the name Paradise, which is of frequent occurrence in the Southern counties there being several in Somersetshire, I am in- formed, and at least five in Gloucestershire it seems permissible to suggest quite a different origin for it from what is, I believe, usual. In instances where beauty of envi- ronment is decidedly marked, a legend has occasionally grown up, which has become locally believed, to the effect that some king or some famous man was the first to christen the spot by exclaiming " This is Paradise ! " That occurs in one example known to me, where, however, I have been able to trace the use of the name for centuries


behind the date of the story and before the reign of the particular monarch.

Late in the thirteenth century there were imported to this country seeds of amomum called " Paradise seeds," and they were used as one of the many spices for flavouring food and drink (cf. Thorold Rogers's 'Ancient Prices,' &c., vol. i. p. 629). If it could be shown that they were planted speculatively, as, for instance, hemp and tobacco came to be planted, we should likely enough find " Paradise-piece," or simply " Paradise," as a result of such and such a plot or field having been set apart for this planting. Such evidence is, however, lacking, as far as the present writer is aware. He has, neverthe- less, found " Pardy " and " Purdy," as personal names of tenants ; and in a fif- teenth-century manor roll " Pardy's ground," which, without straining at all, becomes " Paradise ground." Maybe " Pardy " is not so uncommon a name as it might seem. ST. GLAIR BADDELEY.

To the list of Scottish sacred place-names there has to be added that of Padanaram, the name of a village in Forf arshire. Nothing seems to be known locally regarding the origin of the name. W. B.

Within about four miles of Paradise in Fife, mentioned by MR. THOMAS BAYNE (p. 254), is another place in Ceres parish, called Sodom. ALEX. THOMS.

" ALL RIGHT " : ORIGIN OF THE PHRASE (10 S. xii. 228). In Charles Lamb's ' Table- Talk,' which appeared in The Athenceum of 1834, there is a paragraph on this phrase, which runs as follows :

"Amidst the complaints of the wide spread of infidelity among us, it is consolatory that a sect has sprung up in the heart of the metropolis, and is daily on the increase, of teachers of that healing doctrine which Pope upheld, and against which Voltaire directed his envenomed wit : we mean those practical preachers of optimism, or the belief that whatever is is best; the cads of omnibuses, who from their little back pulpits, not once in three or four hours, as those proclaimers of 'God and his prophet 'in Mussul- man countries, but every minute, at the entry or exit of a brief passenger, are heard, in almost prophetic tone, to exclaim (wisdom crying out, as it were, in the streets), 'All's Right.'"

R. A. POTTS.

NEWSPAPERS IN 1680 (10 S. xii. 243). Information as to the earlier race of news- papers is not so scarce as MR. AXON thinks. Timperley's ' Encyclopaedia of Literary and Typographical Anecdote ' contains " a his- tory of all the newspapers, periodicals, and