NOTES AND QUERIES. [11 s. ix. JAN. 21, int.
of Skeoch Gumming' s picture of her Grace on a white charger, recruiting. When did this story first appear in print ? Cannon does not give it (1851) ; nor does Mr. Rudolf give it in his War Office history of the Terri- torial Regiments (1905). The first appear- ance of it which I have met in print is in William Grant Stewart's ' Lectures on the Mountains' (1860). Can any reader cite an earlier mention ? J. M. BULLOCH.
123, Pall Mall, S.W.
CHERUBINI AND THE MILITARY SALUTE. The French Figaro of the 3rd inst. reviews an article by M. Delahache in the Revue Alsacienne Illustree on the Napoleonic rising in Strasbourg in 1836, in which it is stated that, at the trial of the insurgents, counsel defending a Madame Gordon asserted that she was described as a " cantatrice " to prejudice the jury against her ; and he went on to give examples of the esteem in which artistes were held :
" II raconta qu'en Angleterre quand Cherubini sortit de 1'opera on battait aux champs."
Can any of your readers refer me to an account of this incident, and say whether it is correct that this military salute (as " battre aux champs " implies) was accorded to Cherubini, and, if so, by whose orders ?
A. B, B.
TRADE GUILDS AS GENERAL REFUGES. A MS. German Imperial rescript of Maria Theresa's time among the collections in the Watkinson Library here affords me a new and curious fact as to eighteenth -century trade guilds, though I presume it is a com- monplace to experts in that branch. The Guild of Needle-Makers in Frankfort are ordered to receive into it a couple of soap- boilers resident in the city, as they have no guild of their own there. Was it a custom in the Empire to assign scattered workmen to whatever guilds the Government saw fit, and make these general beneficiary societies ? Was it done earlier than this, and how much earlier ? Was it done by other Govern- ments ? FORREST MORGAN.
HUMAN FAT AS A MEDICINE. Col. James Turner was executed for burglary on 21 Jan., 1663. In a pamphlet entitled ' The Triumph of Truth,' being an account of his life, trial, and execution, there is the following passage on p. 31:
" But one thing is known to many for a truth which indeed comes near to inhumanitie and bar- barousness ; namely his preserving some of the tat or other parts of the Corps of divers persons lately executed for treason (as those who have
seen it with him have informed me) which, though pretended to be used for the making an excellent medicine he had for the Gout, yet it is a most unmanly thing to have no reverence to Humane blood, though in persons justly pun- ished."
Is anything known about the composition of this horrible medicine ?
J. B. WILLIAMS.
" MAGGS." On 15 June, 1736, Samuel Cooke was chosen College Butler by the Cor- poration of Harvard College. Cooke had graduated from the College in 1735, and later became a clergyman. There are extant in his handwriting two inventories. One is " An Inventory of Utensills belonging to y e Kitchin at Harv (1 College," taken late in 1736. The other, taken 4 Jan., 1737, I give in full :
The Buttery Utensils are 6 Barrels 3 Maggs
7 Candlesticks 2 Muggs
What were " maggs " ? ' The word is clearly written, and that it cannot be " muggs : ' is shown by the fact that the latter are also inventoried. I do not find " maggs " in such dictionaries as I have consulted. ALBERT MATTHEWS.
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WANTED. I should be glad to obtain any particulars concerning the following men, who were educated at Westminster School : ( 1 ) George Chadwick, admitted August, 1719, aged 12 ; (2) Philip Chales, admitted September, 1730, aged 12 ; (3) Thomas Challener, admitted 21 Jan., 1812 ; (4) Thomas Chamberlain, admitted January, 1720, aged 12 ; (5) Richard Chambers, admitted 31 Jan., 1787 ; (6) George Edward Champ, admitted 14 Feb., 1814 ; (7) John Champernoun, admitted October, 1735, aged 13 ; and (8) Thomas Champion, admitted January, 1725/6, aged 9.
G. F. R. B.
WICKHAM. According to ' Memoirs of the First Settlement of the Island of Bar- bados,' there was a Nathaniel Wickham in that island who owned not less than ten acres of land in 1638 ; and from information in Hotten's ' Lists of Emigrants,' a Benjamin Wickham left Barbados for Antigua 20 May, 1679, followed by Elizabeth Wickham, 1 Sept., 1679, and Thomas Wickham 6 Oct., 1679, Benjamin being the pro- genitor of a family of considerable size in Antigua, as quite fully set forth in Oliver's