376 NOTES AND QUERIES. rrcs.x. MAY**, 1022. 1531, so the two coats must have been contemporary, perhaps used alternately or together, for nearly 150 years. JOHN R. MAGRATH. ". Since when has one of the York keys become silver ? Since when have the Dean and Chapter blazoned the crown ? " asks ST. SWITHIN. I should ask rather, " Since when has one of the York keys become gold ? When have the Dean and Chapter not blazoned the crown ? " Debrett (1834), Burke (1903), Bonney's ' Cathedrals and Churches,' various late eighteenth or early nineteenth century prints all give the episcopal arms of York as *' Gules two keys in saltire argent, in chief a crown or." Bedford's 'Blazons of Episcopacy,' to which I am unable to refer, would very probably give the date when these arms were assumed. W. COURTHOPE FORMAN. PALAVICINI ARMS (12 S. x. 309, 357). These are blazoned Or, a cross quarter - pierced azure (or cheeky of nine pieces or and azure), on a chief of the first a palisade [Pali Vicini] couped sable. The arms containing " three oak twigs " are the paternal arms of Anne Hoostman, daughter of Egidius Hoostman of Antwerp ; married (i.) Sir Horatio Palavicini of Ba- braham, Cambs, of a noble Genoese family ; (ii.) in 1601, as his second wife, Sir Oliver Cromwell, Kt., of Hinchinbrook, Hunts, uncle of Oliver, Lord Protector. The Hoostman arms are Azure,' three acorns slipped and leaved or, quarterly with argent, a bull's head couped sable, armed or ; in pretence argent, a lion rampant regardant vert, ducally crowned or. With regard to the second question, it is difficult to give a definite answer ; in many cases the arms of naturalized families are obviously of foreign origin and character, but duly registered and apparently the original unchanged bearings. In the cases of the important families of Calvert (Lords Baltimore, Lords -Proprietors of Maryland and Avalon) and of Pechell distinct changes are on record. Calvert, originally of Flanders, bore first Or, three martlets sable ; in 1622 Sir Richarc St. George, Norroy King of Arms, grantee them Paly of six, or and sable, a benc counterchanged which coat they bore til extinction in the male line, 1774. Pechell, when still the French de Pechels bore Or, four eaglets displayed sable ; this oat, after their settlement in England in
- he sixteenth century, was exchanged for a
grant of Gules, a lion rampant or, on a chief of the second three laurel -slips vert. So it seems probable that if the right to the foreign coat be doubtful or incapable of proof, or if the family so request, an entirely new grant would be made ; but in other cases the original arms would hold good in any College of Heralds, or before any official or body empowered to judge. STUART E. BEAL. Old Park House, Stubbington, Fareham, Hants. RHYMED HISTORY OF ENGLAND (12 S. x. 249, 297, 352). The version quoted by G. L. at the second reference and discussed at the third by Dr. MAGRATH is an adaptation of the following, which appeared in one of the magazines issued in 1816 : If the life of his present Majesty be prolonged till Nov. 27, 1816, his reign will be the longest since the Conquest. Here is a song by Collings, that may be called Muttum in parvo. The Romans in England they once did sway, And the Saxons they after them led the way, And they tugg'd with the Danes, till an overthrow They both of them got by the Norman bow. CHORUS. Yet barring all pother, the one and the other Were all of them kings in their turn. Little Willy the Conqueror long did reign, But Billy his son by an arrow was slain ; And Harry the First was a scholar bright, But Stephen was forced for his crown to fight. Second Harry Plantagenet's name did bear, And Coeur de Lion was his son and heir ; But Magna Charta was gained from John, Which Harry the third put his seal upon. There was Teddy fche First like a lion bold, But the Second by rebels was bought and sold ; And Teddy the Third was his subjects' pride, Though Dicky his grandson was set aside. There was Harry the Fourth, a warlike wight, And Harry the Fifth like a cock would fight ; Though Harry the Sixth like a chick did pout, When Teddy his cousin had kick'd him out. Poor Teddy the Fifth was kill'd in bed By butchering Dick, who was knock'd on the head ; Then Harry the Seventh in fame grew big, And Harry the Eighth was as fat as a pig. With Teddy the Sixth we had tranquil days, Though Mary made fire and faggots blaze ; But good Queen Bess was a glorious dame, And bonnie King Jamie from Scotland came. Poor Charley the First was a martyr made, But Charley his son was a comical blade ; And Jemmy the Second, when hotly spurr'd, Ran away, d'ye see, from Willy the Third.