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they found themselves growing old, and were restored to youth. The apple which preserves youth is mentioned in 'Chaucer's Dream.' But why apple-blossoms should have any- thing to do with life or death I do not know.


" CRONY." The earliest quotation for this word in the 'Oxford Dictionary' is from Pepys, 1665, but in the recently published volume of the Historical MSS. Commission, Various Collections' (vol. ii. p. 207), the following occurs in a letter from W. Lecke to J. Buxton, dated 8 October, 1652 :

"The scholar content to destroy his body

with night labours and everlasting study to over- take his chronyes ' and contemporaries.'"'

This quotation was, of course, not avail- able when Dr. Murray and his staff were working on C ; and when I recently sent it to Dr. Murray, suggesting a possible connexion of crony, chronye, with chronological, he thought the suggestion not unreasonable, especially since the word was originally academic slang. It seems more than possible that it was used as an equivalent for a con- temporary, or, as one might say, a time-fellow. At Dr. Murray's kind suggestion I send this on to ' N. & Q.' JAMES HOOPER.


"ONCOST." This looks strangely like Ger- man Unkosten. It is not in the ' Century Dic- tionary.' It was defined in a lecture before the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland, in April, 1900, as the indirect expenditure incurred for the purpose of in- creasing the productive power of organized labour. L. L. K.

[The derivation of oncost is given by Dr. Murray a.s from on, adv., and cost, sb. The word is local Scotch, and was in the sixteenth century sometimes spelt uncost.]

VISCOUNT HAMPDEN'S PORTRAIT. At Brom- ham Hall, near Bedford, is a fine portrait of Robert, first Viscount Hampden, repre- senting him in a standing posture and three- quarter length, painted by Hoppner. He is habited in his robes as a peer, and looks like a fine country gentleman. He was the third son of Thomas, Lord Trevor of Brom- ham (one of the twelve peers created by Queen Anne in one day), who was an eminent lawyer and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. He succeeded his half-brother John as fourth Baron Trevor, in 1776 was created Viscount Hampden, and died in 1783.

Viscount Hampden was an elegant Latin scholar, and had been educated at West- minster under Dr. Freind, afterwards at Queen's College, Oxford, and subsequently

became Fellow of All Souls' College. He is buried near the entrance of the church at Great Hampden, Bucks. The viscountcy be- came extinct in 1824, but has since been revived. His descent was direct in the female line from the Hampdens. as Ruth, fourth daughter of the patriot John Hampden, had married Sir John Trevor, his grandfather.

It^ is curious to note how the large estates in Sussex, Beds, and Bucks have become divided, those in the first -named county having descended to four coheiresses, the daughters of Lord Dynevor, in whose de- scendants they are now vested. A mortuary chapel was erected many years ago adjoining the chancel of Bromham Church, and several monuments of the Trevor family have been moved into it. It was until recently used as their burial-place. On a monument in Great Hampden Church the last male descendant of John Hampden (died in 1754) is described as nineteenth hereditary lord of Great Hamp- den. There are several portraits in oils in existence of Robert, Viscount Hampden, which have been engraved, but the portrait at Bromham Hall, so far as can be known, has not been engraved. JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

WE must request correspondents desiring infor- mation on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.

ST. WINNOC. Bede's * Martyrology ' says : " viii Idus (Nov.) Depositio S. Winnoci abbatus. In cello Wormholtvoorta obitus Winoci con- fessoris Christi." Where was Wormholt- voorta 1 Voorta is apparently a Saxon's rendering of Wortha or Wart ha, which so often occurs in Cornish toponymy with the meaning of "higher," or, perhaps more accu- rately, " on the hill."

No indication is given of the country where Wormholtvoorta was. Winnoc is so promi- nent in Cornish hagiology and " Wortha " so frequent in the county that we may try to locate this queer Dutch-sounding name there. The nearest resemblance to Wormholtvoorta is Amal-veor in Towednack, but veor means great ; and though Towednack, with an in- trusive d and endearing prefix to, represents St. Winnoc's name (St. Tewennoc the Con- fessor, 1409, Bp. Stafford's Reg.), yet we must look elsewhere for Wormholtvoorta. Certain indications point to Chapel Amble, in the parish of St. Kew. Chapel Amble (recorded in Bp. Grandisson's Reg. as Aumal-