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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. ix. MARCH is, 1902.

illustration, and metaphor the Bible and Shakespeare; the adaptability of their say- ings is simply wonderful. Of course? we do not like a flippant and too familiar recourse to either, and particularly are we inclined to resent the use of terms we have all our life regarded as sacred ; yet so aptly do they arise in their literary excellence that, as we cannot deny them to ourselves, we must be tolerant of their use by others, and even by the newspapers, their frequency in which (so it seems to me) has in late years augmented. Thus my excellent friend and daily visitor, the Daily Telegraph, on 3 February, in a very able, lucid, and accurate article on the Prime Minister, relates the chain of circumstances which tended towards the elevation of Lord Salisbury to his present position. And thus explaining, the writer probably the same who prompted my previous question on symbols again quotes Carlyle and his his- torical theory that " all things work together for good." Here the sage, like simpler folk, drops into Scripture. Let me once more exercise the learning of the student (W. S. S., if he will) to furnish this reference ; and should any similar instance of Scriptural quotation be remembered it will be welcome. W. L. RUTTON.

BARDS. It is, I think, generally taken for granted that originally the Druid was at the same time a bard. Is it known whether bards existed as distinct personalities from Druids before the introduction of Christia- nity into Britain? Or is the bard, as a separate person from the Druid, to be con- sidered as the result of the destruction of Druidism by Christianity? Wiilcker (* Ge- schichte der engl. Litteratur, 1 Leipzig, 1896, pp. 4 and 5) seems to be of the latter opinion.


longeren, Belgium.

BATTY, PRINTER, 159, FLEET STREET. From 1849 to 1863 there was a family of the name of Batty (styled successively Henry, Joseph Henry, and Batty Brothers), printers and publishers, at 159, Fleet Street. They subsequently moved I believe about 1863-4 to 32, Bouverie Street, E.C. I am desirous ot obtaining the exact dates of publication of two editions of a pamphlet on the question ot marriage with a deceased wife's sister printed by them about the years 1859-61 Can any one tell me the name and address ot their successors in business, from whom perhaps, I might obtain this information ?

C. W. H.

POST-FINE. Can some reader enlighten me as to what a post-fine is ? Among some MSS.

of the Rev. Joseph Greene, of Welford, of 1730 and thereabouts, I find the following receipt, endorsed U A Copy of an Acquit- tance for a Post-fine for Lands of ye Key: Mr. Greene at Long-Marston & Mickleton in ye County of Glocester, signed Septr. 14, 1738." The document is within :

Of Robert Martin to Accord with Joseph Greene Clerk and his Wife for one Messuage, one Barn, one Stable, one Gar- den, one Orchard, 40 Acres of Land, 10 Acres of Mead, 20 Acres of Pasture, in Long Marstou otherwise Marston Sicca and Mickleton 15

The 14th of September 1738 Received the above Post-tine for the use of His Majesty and in behalf of Mr. Robins Under Sheriff of the County of Gloucester.

By Henry Green. Received for the Receipt 10


I have no access to the ' H.E.D.' here, I am sorry to say. W. H. QUAKRELL.

Ashby de la Zouch.

[Annandale's four-volume edition of Ogilvie, s.v. 'Post-fine,' says: "In Eng. law, a fine due to the king by prerogative : called also the King's Silver (which see under King)." King's Silver is defined as " the money which was paid to the king in the Court of Common Pleas for a license granted to a man to levy a tine of lands, tenements, or heredita- ments, to another person ; and this must have been compounded according to the value of the land, in the alienation office, before the fine would pass."]

" MULTIPLICANDS." What people were de- signated by this term 1 The word occurs in the records of a Quaker Church meeting of 1698, as follows :

"This Meet: being informed by Dan 1 Quare who hath of late had occasion upon his outward affairs to Travell into tfianders That the People were greatly Ignorant of lirids Principles and Practice and had a Notion y e ffrids wewmultiplj/cands," &c.

NORMAN PENNEY. Friends' Institute, 13, Bishopsgate Without.

MONTGOMERY MSS. The following is taken from the llev. George Hill's elaborate note to p. 306 of the Montgomery MSS. (1869) :

"On the 10th December, 1610, Brian Oge McRowrie Magennis of Edenticullo, near Hills- borough, received a grant of the entire cantred, lordship, precinct, or circuit of Kilwarlin, contain- ing 43 townlands, at the yearly rent of 20/., Irish, to hold for ever in common socage. This is now the Kilwarlin estate of Lord Downshire. The late George Stephenson's mother was a Magennis lineally descended from this Brian Oge McRowrie, and he held the original patent, which had been handed down in the family. These lands are situated in the parishes of Hillsborough, Blaris, Dromore, Dromara, and Annahilt."

Perhaps some reader of * N. & Q.' can give further information regarding this document.