NOTES -AND QUERIES. [9' s. ix. JAN. is, 1902.
It may be not out of place to recall the fact that the same idea is expressed, and in pre- cisely the same words, regarding the death of Turnus, in the last line of the '^Eneid '; and that the same curious conception is pre- sented in the description of the death of Lausus, although in somewhat different terms, in '^Eneid,' x. 820 :
Turn vita per auras Concessit mtesta ad Manes, corpusque reliquit.
Furthermore, it is, perhaps, worth while to remember that the idea in question was taken by Virgil from Homer, since in ' Iliad,' xvi. 856, in the account of the deatli of Patroclus, the following lines occur :
ov TTOT^OV yoowcra, AITTOUCT' aSpOTrjra
and the same lines are applied to the death
of Hector, ' Iliad/ xxii. 362.
Finally, in the description of the apparition of the shade of Patroclus to Achilles, a nearly similar sentiment is introduced, although in slightly varied terms, 'Iliad,' xxiii. 100 :
A RIME ON EDWARD VII. (9 th S. viii. 445, 532). From thirty to thirty-five years ago I distinctly remember some of the ecclesiastical newspapers alluding to an old rime to the effect that
When Edward the Seventh shall come to reign, Edward the Sixth's Prayer Book shall be used again.
On several occasions I remember hearing these or similar words quoted.
W. G. D. F.
ST. CLEMENT DANES (9 th S. vii. 64, 173 274 375 ; viii. 17, 86, 186, 326, 465). MR. HENRY HARRISON unreservedly condemns the deriva- tion of the A.-S. wlc from the Latin ulcus. I do not profess to have a very deep knowledge of Anglo-Saxon etymologies, and in express- ing this "old-fashioned idea" I was merely following the lead of Prof. Skeat, who is generally supposed to know something about these matters, and has more than once laid down the proposition to which MR. HARRISON objects.* Perhaps, however, like Kluge, he
has not devoted enough attention to the archeology of the matter and to the lessons taught by place-names." At any rate the younger school of German philologists have developed new ideas, and it would be in- teresting to learn how they connect wlc with
wdc or ivcec, weak, from which primd facie it would seem, both in meaning and in etymo- logy, to be pretty far removed. Perhaps the Pan-Germanic idea may be as powerful in effecting a revolution in vowel-mutation as it is in depriving the countries of Europe of all ownership in their national anthems.
MR. HARRISON points out that " vicus has left a meagre legacy behind it in France and South Germany, where Roman influence was strongest." But where do we find traces of stratum and castrum in France, Germany, and Italy 1 The places compounded with chateau and castel in France, and castel or castello in Italy, are all of comparatively recent date, and do not equal in antiquity the casters and Chester s of England. Other Latin words were adopted by the Saxons in their local nomen- clature, such as port, a town, from portus, and camp, a field, from canqws. We know that vicus was the usual word in Latin docu- ments to express a village or street, and I gave some examples in a previous paper (9 th S. vii. 65). MR. HARRISON can under- stand the Germanic races borrowing a Latin word for "a paved road," but to borrow a word for " village " is, he thinks, a different matter. But there are villages and villages. The ham was the first settlement of the family or tribe, when huts were " dumped down" with no regard to symmetry or order ; the tun was a collection of cottages within an enclosure ; while the wlc in all probability consisted of the rows of houses which lined a road on either side, such as we see to be the case with many villages situated on high roads at the present day, or, in the case of seaside places, those which ran parallel to the shore.
W. F. PRIDEAUX.
"NANG NAILS": "NUBBOCKS" (9 th S. viii. 306, 431). The former of these words appears in a form I have not met with elsewhere in Prof. Henslowe's ' Medical Works of the Fourteenth Century,' p. 16: "Pro wrang- noylis in pedibus. Take gandres dryt [?dyrt] and eysil and het it to-gedre and ley it ther-to." C. C. B.
NEWCASTLE (STAFFS) FAMILIES (9 th S. viii. 225, 431). -The family of Colclough or Cole- clough seems to have been of considerable importance before migrating from Stafford- shire to Ireland. As is well known, John Colclough was one of the rebel chiefs in Ireland in 1798, and, after being apprehended with his wife and B. B. Harvey in one of the Saltee Islands, was executed with Harvey at Wexford. In the south-east angle of the south aisle of the old parish church of Brere- ton, co. Chester, riot very far from Newcastle-