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9". S. IX JAN. 25, 1903.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


before Arnold, though I am unable at this moment to say in what essay. Hazlitt has the expression "a mighty stream of ten- dency " in his essay on ' Why Distant Objects Please,' and even there he puts it in quota- tion marks. May I ask if the phrase can be traced to its origin, or, if not, how far back can it be traced ? JAS. B. LAURENCE.


ROYAL TENNIS COURT AND NELL GWYN. I shall be very much obliged for any infor- mation about the royal tennis court which, I believe, stood near the Haymarket, and is supposed to have been connected with St. James's Palace by an underground passage. I think there is some record of Nell Gwyn visiting the court, but I cannot trace the reference, and shall be very glad for help.


EARLIEST PRINTED INSTRUCTIONS TO SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHERS. In my posses- sion is, and previously for many years in that of Mr. Thomas Pell Platt, M.A., J.P., was, a carefully preserved printed broadside (in foolscap folio), which is said to be unique, containing the earliest "[Instructions] To the Masters and Mistresses of Sunday- Schools." It is undated, but, judging by the paper and other circumstances, was pro- bably printed between 1780 and 1790. These instructions are in ten numbered paragraphs, the first being :

"I. ENDEAVOUR to know and practise the best Method of Instruction."

And the last, longest, and most interesting :

" X. Above all, keep the Religious Ends of the Institution always in Sight; and be constantly reminding all under your Care, that SUNDAY-SCHOOLS are designed

"To check and reform vicious Habits, and

all lendencies towards them in the rising Genera- tion.

, " To inculcate upon them a becoming Regard

for the Word and Worship of Almighty GOD.

_ To require their keeping holy the Sabb'ath-


......To warn them of the Evil of Sin in general,

and of youthful Sins in particular, such as Pride, .Pilfering, Idleness, Swearing, Lying, Disobedience to^Parents, &c.

" To set before them the Excellency and Im- portance of Justice, Diligence, Humility, and a conscientious Regard to Truth in all they say, and a respectful Subjection to those whom the Pro- vidence of GOD has set over them.

"......Finally, to explain, in a Manner suited to

their Understandings, all the Truths and Duties recommended in the Holy Scriptures ; and promote a believing and obedient Regard to them for their Happiness both here and hereafter."

It would be well if this rare broadside were reprinted in bold type on cardboard, and a

copy hung in every Sunday-school in the kingdom. My chief object, however, is to ascertain whether any of your readers have met with a copy of these instructions in any printed book, or any reference thereto ; and, if so, where. W. I. R. V.

" FOOT-CLOTH NAG," &c. What was this? The expression occurs in a curious book entitled " Observations, Rules, and Orders Collected out of Divers Journals of the House of Commons, entred in the Reigns of Ed- ward VI, Q. Mary, Q. Elizabeth, K. James I, K. Charles I., and K. Charles II. London : Printed for Bernard Lintot between the Temple - Gates ; and Sold by Ch. King in Westminster-Hall. MDCCXVII."

" 27 Jan. 23 Eliz. Upon Motion to the House in regard of the Infirmity and pains in the Serjeant's Feet, he is licensed by the House to ride upon a Foot-Cloth-Nag."

" 8 th Feb. 18 Jac. Leave given to the Serjeant to ride before the Speaker."

Two other extracts are :

"1 May, 1584 The Speaker's Excuse for his

Absence, which was occasioned by his taking Phy- sick this day."

" 4 th Junij, 19 Jac. Moore and Lock who arrested Sir James Whitlock's Servant, for which they were Adjudged to ride on a Horse bare-backed, Back to Back, from Westminster to the Exchange, with this Inscription on their Breasts : ' For Arresting a Ser- vant to a Member of the Common-House of Parlia- ment.' "


[See quotations in ' H.E.D.' a.v. ' Foot-cloth.']

ST. ANTHONY. Where may I find a coloured print of 'St. Anthony preaching to the Fishes'? OWEN.

SIR NICHOLAS BACON. In Lodge's 'Por- traits ' (Bohn's edition, 1849) is an account of Sir Nicholas Bacon (vol. ii. pp. 107-14), illustrative of a portrait of a man facing to the right, " from the collection of His Grace the Duke of Bedford at Woburn Abbey." On 21 June, 1888, the present Viscount Dillon told the Society of Antiquaries that the late Sir George Scharf had told him that the portrait engraved was not that of the Keeper of the Great Seal. Can any reader say whose portrait it is 1


" SACRAL." In the new illustrated edition of ' Social England ' Prof. Maitland, referring to trial by battle, speaks of it as "sacral." Is there any warrant for the use of the word in this connexion 1 The only meaning given by the ordinary dictionaries (* Century,' &c.) to the word "sacral" will assuredly not express the professor's intention. YGREC.