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Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 49.djvu/463

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UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

lead to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. This department, established in 1884, is modeled after the philosophical faculty of the German universities. The growth of the department has been rapid. In 1884-'85 there was one matriculate; during the present year the enrollment has reached one hundred and seventy-one. The possibilities for original work and scientific research in the Department of Philosophy have been greatly increased through the generosity of Provost Harrison, who has presented to the university a permanent fund of five hundred thousand dollars, known as the George Leib Harrison Foundation for the Encouragement of Liberal Studies and the Advancement of Knowledge. Upon this foundation have been established twenty-seven new scholarships and fellowships of the aggregate value of thirteen thousand two hundred dollars annually. The purpose of the adoption of the new system is to build up a group of cultured men residing among the students of the university. The twenty-seven scholarships and fellowships are divided under three classifications. Eight are of the value of one hundred dollars a year, and are open only to graduates of the university, intending to provide for those students who desire to take an extra year of study. Fourteen are fellowships, of the value of six hundred dollars a year, less one hundred dollars devoted to publication, and are open to the graduates of any institution to be held for two years in candidacy for the degree of Ph. D. The Hector Tyndale fellowship in physics, already established, makes fifteen of this grade. Five are senior fellowships of the value of eight hundred dollars a year, open only to those who have taken the degree of Ph. D. at the university. These fellowships may be held for three years, and the holders are required to devote themselves to some work of original research, and to do teaching in the line of their work to a maximum of four hours a week. The intention is evident that the plan aims to retain men of exceptional ability in residence as long as possible. A graduate of the university may hold a scholarship or fellowship for six years, while a graduate of another institution who displays great ability may be retained in residence for five years. Besides the above mentioned, there are also six fellowships in the graduate department for women. It is believed that the university has now the most complete system of fellowships in the country. With a material equipment of grounds, buildings, etc., valued at three million nine hundred and sixty-five thousand dollars, vested funds to the amount of one million nine hundred and ninetytwo thousand dollars, the most liberal system of fellowships in the country, a teaching force of two hundred and fifty-one professors and instructors, and a student body numbering twenty-six hundred and thirty-two, the university has peculiar facilities