Page:Quarterlyoforego10oreg 1.djvu/164

This page needs to be proofread.

50 LoN L. Swift erably above the average in cattle and sheep, below in horses, and raised a very small percentage of swine or goats. Cash and share tenant farms both raised a larger relative amount of swine than the average of either class showed in the valuation of all live stock. Share tenants also exceeded their average in horses and goatsĀ ; cash tenants, in cattle. Both raised few sheep. Part owners raised a large per cent of sheep but a relatively small number of cattle. An examination of the different kinds of cereals in the same way will show that classes of tenure have been favorable or | unfavorable to the production of the various grains. TABLE 7. PERCENTAGE OP THE NtJMBBB OF BUSHELS OP WHEAT, OATS, BARLEY, CORN AND RYE PRODUCED ON FARMS OPERATED BY THE DIFFERENT CLASSES OP FARMERS, IN OREGON, IN 1900. (*) Farmers. Wheat. Oats. Barley. Corn. Rye. Total Products. 46.2 49.7 55 4 62.8 62.2 57.2 Part Owners. . 26.3 19.0 20.7 15.2 23.3 18.1 Owners and Tenants 01.5 01.7 01.3 01.8 02.4 01.1 02.0 01.9 02.1 00.8 00.6 06.4 Cash Tenants. 05.1 06.3 07.0 09.6 03.0 06.4 Share Tenants. 18.9 21.4 13.5 09.8 08.5 10.8 Share tenants raised 10.8 per cent of the value of all prod- ucts, but a much smaller proportion of wheat, oats and barley. Owners produced a small per cent of these grains as compared with their total output of products. Cash tenants, however, are not large producers of these grains, and managers are small producers. Share tenants, therefore, are especially en- gaged in the production of the staple grains. The relative increase of tenant farming in Oregon during the two decades previous to 1900, may be seen by the accom- panying table.

  • U. S. Census Reports for 1900, Twelfth Census, Vol. VI, p. 96.----