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Page:Quarterlyoforego10oreg 1.djvu/163

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Land Tenure in Oregon. 49 To sum up, the farmers that have reached the best results in all kinds of farming are, with the exception of managers, at least, those who own the land they cultivate. Renters, on the other hand, both cash and share, are the most unsuccessful farmersĀ ; but, perhaps, those who own one farm and rent another have shown better efficiency than those who have no land of their own. Renting has also proved wholly unsatis- factory in stock-raising, which industry has been most suc- cessful on farms cultivated by managers. The proportion of live stock raised on farms operated by the different classes of farmers varies greatly in each class according to the kind of stock. Farms conducted by man- agers raised a much larger percentage of cattle and sheep than of swine or goatsĀ ; renters, both cash and share, raised a large proportion of swine to the number of sheep or cattle. It is as significant tO' note how the different kinds of stock were raised as how all stock were raised. TABLE 6. PERCENTAGE OF CATTLE, HORSES, SHEEP, SWINE, AND GOATS RAISED ON FARMS OPERATED BY THE DIFFERENT CLASSES OF FARMERS, IN OREGON, IN 1900. (*) Farmers. Cattle. Horses. Sheep. Swine . Goats. Total. 57.5 60.5 56.0 61.4 67.0 58.6 Part Owners. . 12.4 15.9 20.3 15.5 17.9 15.5 Owners and 00.9 01.0 00.4 01.5 02.0 00.0 18.3 0.97 16.9 02.1 00.9 13.3 Cash Tenants. 05.6 04.7 03.1 07.7 02.4 05.0 Share Tenants. 05.3 08.2 03.3 11.8 09.8 06.7 Farms operated by owners raised about an equal percentage of cattle as compared with the valuation of cattle raised on all farms. Owners were slightly above the average in horses and swine, and below in sheep. A very large per cent of goats was raised by owners, but this class of live stock was small in valuation and of little importance. The farmers that varied most in percentage of the different kinds of stock were man- agers. The relative valuation of all live stock raised on farms conducted by managers was 13.3 per cent. They were consid-

  • U. S. Census Reports for 1900, Twelfth Census, Vol. V, p. 336.----