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THE QUARTERLY OF THE Oregon Historical Society.

Volume X MARCH, 1909 Number 1

[The Quarterly disavows responsibiKty for the positions taken by contributors to its pages.]

DOCUMENTS RELATIVE TO WARRE AND VAVASOUR'S MILITARY RECONNOISSANCE IN OREGON, 1845-6.

Edited by Joseph Schafer.

EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION.

The expedition of Lieutenants Warre and Vavasour to Oregon in 1845-6 has been noted by several writers, among them H. H. Bancroft in his History of Oregon. References to the same incident occur Hkewise in the written recollections of some of the pioneer settlers of the Willamette Valley, as, for example, those of Jesse Applegate. But the matter has never been made prominent because the fragmentary informa- tion available failed to reveal to anyone — either pioneer or historian — the real significance of that expedition which was in its very nature secret. It was known that the gentlemen concerned in it were British officers and it was supposed they were upon some secret mission to obtain information for their government respecting conditions in Oregon ; it was also thought that they were spying upon Dr. McLoughlin, the local manager of the Hudson's Bay Company at the instance of Sir George Simpson, Governor of the Company's terri- tories in America. Still, a good deal of mystery has sur-

rounded the subject, the nearest approach to a correct interpre-----