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Page:Studies in socialism 1906.djvu/154

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Studies in Socialism

in greater measure to its defeat by Germany than to the Revolution. But undoubtedly the great weakness of the Commune was to have to deal with an Assembly which, reactionary though it was, was the outcome of universal suffrage and of the general will of the nation.

A minority that, having taken part in the elections and having accepted them as a gauge, should then attempt to go against the will of the majority by violence, would be in an utterly false position. And it would be opposed by a majority that, armed with the consciousness of its own force which the authentic figures of the ballot would give, would not only not yield but in all probability would rally to its standard many elements from the revolting minority.

Further, the Socialist party does not limit its demand to the establishment of universal suffrage in all countries. It wishes universal suffrage with proportional representation. Liebknecht, in the fragment published by Vorzvärts, demands proportional representation. The Socialists in Belgium have seconded him. Citizen Vaillant, in

a recent article, adheres in principle to the scrutin de liste,[1] under the absolute condition that pro-

  1. According to the system of the scrutin de liste, the voter, instead of casting his ballot for a single representative of a small election district, votes for a list of representatives, the whole number to which his county or state is entitled. The system of proportional representation is based on the scrutin de liste, with certain modifications