Page:Transportation and colonization.djvu/222

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1st. There would be at least double the amount of labour performed in future by any given number of convicts; which would consequently reduce the expense of their future maintenance to one half its present amount.

2nd. The cost of the police and judicial establishments of the colony, which is at present enormous and annually increasing, would be progressively diminished; as the enforcement of strict discipline and vigilant superintendence would leave the convict comparatively few opportunities of committing fresh crimes or misdemeanours.

3rd. The demoralizing influence of convict principles and convict practice on the free portion of the colonial population would be checked for the future, and eventually completely neutralized; especially if at the same time there should also be a large annual influx of free emigrants, of virtuous character and industrious habits, from Great Britain and Ireland.

4th. The reformation of the convicts would be rapid and extensive; especially if it were made a part of a future system of management to grant tickets of leave and conditional pardons only for settlements (such as the one proposed to be established at Moreton Bay) in which they should be debarred the use of ardent spirits, after the attain-