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since 1824 has not exceeded 551 males and 143 females; but the prison is capable of containing, by the conversion of the workshops (which, by the abolition of the second class, are no longer wanted,) into separate cells, 796 males and 380 females: but as no proportionate increase of establishment would be required, the expense per head would be materially diminished."

The expense of the maintenance of convicts in New South Wales will appear from the following colonial

Return of the number of prisoners maintained by government in road and chain gangs, gaols and penal settlements, and the average yearly cost of each: 13th of July, 1836.
Maintained in Number of Prisoners Average yearly cost of each, including every charge
£. s. d.
Road-gangs  982  9  9 10½
Chain-gangs 1191 10  3  6½
Gaols  646 13  4  6¼
Penal settlements 1250 10 16  6½
Total 4069

As road and chain gangs are the usual modes in which government employ the convicts that are not assigned to private settlers in New South Wales, the average yearly cost of maintaining a convict in that colony may be stated at £10.