Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 104 Part 2.djvu/256

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104 STAT. 1236 PUBLIC LAW 101-501—NOV. 3, 1990 "(3) who have attended Head Start progrsims that represent the various program options and that are located in both urban and rural areas. "(d) SUBCONTRACTING.— Persons selected to conduct the study required by subsection (a) may subcontract elements of the study to other persons with the approval of the Secretary. Such study may be carried out through a series of several small studies focused on specific program options and subpopulations. "(e) Focus. — The study required under subsection (a) shall consider the degree to which social, physical, and academic development, including grade retention, motivation to achieve, special education placement, health (including long- and short-term health), secondary school graduation, delinquency, substance abuse, teenage pregnancy, literacy, college attendance, employment, and welfare participation of children and the parenting skills, employment, literacy, education level, motivation to achieve, and welfare participation of parents are affected by— "(1) the program options selected by the Head Start program; "(2) the number and configuration of hours, days, and years the child participates in Head Start; "(3) the Head Start program quality, including training and experience of Head Start teachers and teacher aides, staff to child ratios, and group size; "(4) the level of parental involvement in the Head Start program; "(5) the supportive services provided to children and their parents through the Head Start program; "(6) the Head Start curriculum; "(7) the characteristics of a subsequent schooling of the child and family characteristics and behaviors that affect social, physical, health (including long- and short-term health), and academic development as such children move through the primary grades; and "(8) other factors identified by the advisory panel, including the variables that sustain gains as such children move through the primary grades. "(f) CoMPARisiON.— To the maximum extent feasible, the study required under subsection (a) shall provide for comparisons with appropriate groups composed of individuals who do not participate in Head Start programs. "(g) COORDINATION. — The study required under subsection (a) shall be coordinated with the National Longitudinal Study conducted under chapter 1 that is administered by the Department of Education. "(h) INTERIM REPORT.—Not later than January 1, 1994, the Secretary shall prepare and submit, to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate, an interim report concerning the design and progress of the study conducted under this section, including interim results of such study.". (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. — Section 639 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9834) is amended— (1) by inserting "(a)" after "SEC 639.", (2) by inserting "(other than section 651A)" after "subchapter", and (3) by adding at the end the following: