Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 6.djvu/441

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rural areas. PUBLIC LAW 102-586—NOV. 4, 1992 106 STAT. 4999 and recommendations to improve access to counsel for juveniles in juvenile court proceediiogs. "(e)(A) Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment H.l^^'ifill of this subsection, the Administrator shall b^in to conduct a study and continue any pending study of the incidence of violence committed by or against juveniles in urban and rural areas in the United States. 'XB) The urban areas shall include— "(i) the District of Columbia; "(ii) Los Angeles, California; "(iii) Milwaukee, Wisconsin;

    • (iv) Denver, Colorado;

"(v) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; "(vi) Rochester, New York; and "(vii) such other cities as the Administrator determines to be appropriate. "(C) At least one rural area shall be included. "(D) With respect to each urbfui and rural area included in the study, the objectives of the study shall be— "(i) to identify characteristics and patterns of behavior of juveniles who are at risk of becoming violent or victims of homicide; "(ii) to identify factors particularly indigenous to such area that contribute to violence committea by or against juveniles; "(iii) to determine the accessibility of firearms, and the use offirearmsby or against juveniles; "(iv) to determine the conditions that cause any increase in violence committed by or against juveniles; "(v) to identify existing and new diversion, prevention, and control programs to ameliorate such conditions; "(vi) to improve current systems to prevent and control violence by or against juveniles; and "(vii) to develop a plan to assist State and local governments to establish viable ways to reduce homicide committed by or against juveniles. "(E) Not later than 3 ^ears after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Admimstrator shall submit a report to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate detailing the results of the study addressing each objective specified in subparagraph (D). "(TXA) Not later than 1 year afl^er the date of the enactment of this subsection, the Administrator shall— "(i) conduct a study described in subparagraph (B); and "(ii) submit to the chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate the results of the study. "(B) The study required by subparagraph (A) shall assess— "(i) the characteristics ofjuveniles who commit hate crimes, including a profile of such juveniles based on— "(I) the motives for committing hate crimes; "(11) the age, sex, race, ethnicity, education level, locality, and family income of such juveniles; and "(III) whether such juveniles are familiar with publications or organized groups that encourage the commission of hate crimes;