Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 49 Part 2.djvu/1023

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REVISION, GENERAL ACT OF BERLIN, ETC. SEPT. 10, 1919. 3039 ARTICLE 7 The afRuents of the rivers and lakes specified in Article 5 shall in e:.muents of rlvert\, all respects be subject to the same rules as the rivers or lakes of which they are tributaries. The roads, railways or lateral canals which may be constructed ca~~;tc.on rond~. with the special object of obviating the innavigability or correcting the imperfections of the water route on certain sections of the rivers and lakes specified in Article 5, their afRuents, branches and outlets, shall be considered, in their quality of means of communication, as dependencies of these rivers and lakes, and shall be equally open to the traffic of the nationals of the Signatory Powers and of the States, Members of the League of Nations, which may adhere to the present Convention. On these roads railways and canals only such tolls shall be col- Toll Jjmltations, , equality. etc. lected as are calculated on the cost of construction, maintenance and management, and on the profits reasonably accruing to the under- taking. As regards the tariff of these tolls, the nationals of the Signatory Powers and of States, Members of the League of Nations, which may adhere to the present Convention, shall be treated on a footing of perfect equality. ARTICLE 8 Each of the Signatory Powers shall remain free to establish the Navigation rules. rules which it may consider expedient for the purpose of ensuring the safety and supervision of navigation, on the understanding that these rules shall facilitate, as far as possible, the circulation of merchant vessels. ARTICLE 9 In such sections of the rivers and of their afiluents as well as on . Maintenance or pub- , lie safety, etc. such lakes, as are not necessarily utilized by more than one riparian State, the Governments exercising authority shall remain free to establish such systems as may be required for the maintenance of public safety and order, and for other necessities of the work of civilization and colonization; but the regUlations shall not admit of any differential treatment between vessels or between nationals of m~~.durerential treat· the Signatory Powers and of States, Members of the League oi Nations, which may adhere to the present Convention. AR'I'ICLE 10 The Signatory Powers acknowledge their obligation to maintain in~o~: :~g: in the regions under their control actual authority and police forces erty to be maintained. sufficient to insure protection for persons and property and, if the case should arise, freedom for commerce and transit. AR'l'ICLE 11 ThS·t P . . 1t tl't Conservation and e 19na ory owers exerclsmg SOVereign rIg 1 S or au lOrI y civilization pro,"ision~. in African territories will continue to see to the preservation of the native popUlations and the improvement of their moral and material