60 STAT.] 79TH CONG. , 2D SESS.-CHS. 537, 538-JULY 3, 1946 for other purposes', approved October 15, 1914, or an Act entitled 'An Act to amend the judicial code and to define and limit the juris- diction of the courts in equity, and for other purposes', approved March 23, 1932, or an Act entitled 'An Act to provide for the prompt disposition of disputes between carriers and their employees, and for other purposes', approved May 20, 1926, as amended, or an Act entitled 'An Act to diminish the causes of labor disputes burdening or obstructing interstate or foreign commerce, to create a National Labor Relations Board, and for other purposes', approved July 5, 1935." Approved July 3, 1946. [CHAPTER 538] AN ACT To amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for research relating to psy- chiatric disorders and to aid in the development of more effective methods of prevention, diagnosis, and treament of such disorders, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "National Mental Health Act". PURPOSE SEC. 2. The purpose of this Act is the improvement of the mental health of the people of the United States through the conducting of researches, investigations, experiments, and demonstrations relating to the cause, diagnosis, and treatment of psychiatric disorders; assist- ing and fostering such research activities by public and private agen- cies, and promoting the coordination of all such researches and activi- ties and the useful application of their results; training personnel in matters relating to mental health; and developing, and assisting States in the use of, the most effective methods of prevention, diag- nosis, and treatment of psychiatric disorders. DEFINITIONS SEC. 3. (a) Section 2 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U. S . C ., ch. 6A) is amended by striking out the word "and" at the end of para- graph (j), by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (k) and inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon, and by inserting after paragraph (k) the following new paragraphs: "(1) The term'psychiatric disorders' includes diseases of the nerv- ous system which affect mental health; and "(m) The term 'State mental health authority' means the State health authority, except that, in the case of any State in which there is a single State agency, other than the State health authority, charged with responsibility for administering the mental health program of the State, it means such other State agency." SEC. 4 . Section 208 (b) of the Public Health Service Act is amended to read as follows: "(b) (1) Whenever commissioned officers of the Service are not available for the performance of permanent duties requiring highly specialized training and experience in special fields related to public health, the Administrator on recommendation of the Surgeon General shall report that fact to the President and the President is authorized to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, not to exceed three persons in any one fiscal year to grades in the Regular Corps of the Service above that of senior assistant, but not to a grade above that of director. 421 38 Stat. 731, 738. 15U.S.C.I17;29 U.S .C . 52; Supp. V, 162. 47 Stat. 70. 29U. S.C. 99 101- 115. 44 Stat. 677. 45U.S.C.§ 151- 188; Supp. V , 161 et seq;28 U.S. C . § 226, 348; Supp. V, I 226. 49 Stat. 449. 29U. .C.§§151- 166. July 3, 1946 [H. R. 4512] [Public Law 4871 National Mental Health Act. 58 Stat. 682. 42U.S.C., Supp. V, 201. " Psychiatric dis- orders." "State mental health authority." 58 Stat. 685. 42 U. S. C., Supp. V, 1209(b). Appointments.