Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 60 Part 1.djvu/786

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79TH CONG., 2D SESS.-CH. 724-AUG. 1 , 1946 and other hazards to life or property, and to require the reporting and to permit the inspection of work performed thereunder, as the Commission may determine; but shall not contain any provisions or conditions which prevent the dissemination of scientific or technical information, except to the extent such dissemination is prohibited by law. (b) RESEARCH BY THE COMMISSION.-The Commission is authorized and directed to conduct, through its own facilities, activities and studies of the types specified in subsection (a) above. PRODUCTION OF FISSIONABLE MATERIAL SEC. 4 . (a) DEFINITION.-As used in this Act, the term "produce", "Produce when used in relation to fissionable material, means to manufacture, produce, or refine fissionable material, as distinguished from source materials as defined in section 5 (b) (1), or to separate fissionable material from other substances in which such material may be con- tained or to produce new fissionable material. (b) PROHIBITION.-It shall be unlawful for any person to own any facilities for the production of fissionable material or for any person to produce fissionable material, except to the extent authorized by subsection (c). (c) OWNERSHIP AND OPERATION OF PRODUCTION FACILITIES.- (1) OWNERSHIP OF PRODUCTION FACILITIES.-The Commission, as agent of and on behalf of the United States, shall be the exclusive owner of all facilities for the production of fissionable material other than facilities which (A) are useful in the conduct of research and development activities in the fields specified in section 3, and (B) do not, in the opinion of the Commission, have a potential production rate adequate to enable the operator of such facilities to produce within a reasonable period of time a sufficient quantity of fissionable material to produce an atomic bomb or any other atomic weapon. (2) OPERATION OF TIE COMMISSION'S PRODUCTION FACILITIES. - The Commission is authorized and directed to produce or to provide for the production of fissionable material in its own facilities. To the extent deemed necessary, the Commission is Cont authorized to make, or to continue in effect, contracts with per- sons obligating them to produce fissionable material in facilities owned by the Commission. The Commission is also authorized to enter into research and development contracts authorizing the contractor to produce fissionable material in facilities owned by the Commission to the extent that the production of such fissionable material may be incident to the conduct of research and development activities under such contracts. Any contract Su"b"on entered into under this section shall contain provisions (A) pro- hibiting the contractor with the Commission from subcontracting any part of the work he is obligated to perform under the contract, except as authorized by the Commission, and (B) obligating the Reporte contractor to make such reports to the Commission as it may deem appropriate with respect to his activities under the contract, to submit to frequent inspection by employees of the Commission of all such activities, and to comply with all safety and security regulations which may be prescribed by the Commission. Any contract made under the provisions of this paragraph may be made without regard to the provisions of section 3709 of the Revised Statutes (U. S . C., title 41, sec. 5) upon certification by the Commission that such action is necessary in the interest of the common defense and security, or upon a showing that adver- tising is not reasonably practicable, and partial and advance 60 STAT.]