Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 60 Part 1.djvu/817

This page needs to be proofread.

790 PUBLIC LAWS-CHS. 735, 736-AUG. 2,1946 [60 STAT. the United States, or the District of Columbia, with intent either (1) to avoid prosecution, or custody or confinement after conviction for murder, kidnaping, burglary, robbery, mayhem, rape, assault with a dangerous weapon, or extortion accompanied by threats of violence, or attempt to commit any of the foregoing, under the laws of the place from which he flees; or (2) to avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceedings in such place in which the commission of a felony is Penalty. charged. Any person who violates the provision of this Act shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonmentor r not longer than five years, or by both such Prosecution, fine and imprisonment. Violations of this Act may be prosecuted only in the Federal judicial district in which the original crime was alleged to have been committed or in which the person was held in custody or confinement." Approved August 2, 1946. [CHAPTER 736] August 2,6 A A1T S. 1426] To provide for the replanning and rebuilding of slum, blighted, and other areas IPublic Law 652] of the District of Columbia and the assembly, by purchase or condemnation, of real property in such areas and the sale or lease thereof for the redevelop- ment of such area in accordance with said plans; and to provide for the organi- zation of, procedure for, and the financing of such planning, acquisition, and sale or lease; and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the District of Column- United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may bla Redevelopment C Act of 45. be cited as the "District of Columbia Redevelopment Act of 1945". GENERAL PURPOSES SEC. 2. It is hereby declared to be a matter of legislative determina- tion that owing to technological and sociological changes, obsolete lay-out, and other factors, conditions existing in the District of Columbia with respect to substandard housing and blighted areas, including the use of buildings in alleys as dwellings for human habi- tation, are injurious to the public health, safety, morals, and welfare; Policy. and it is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to protect and promote the welfare of the inhabitants of the seat of the Government by eliminating all such injurious conditions by employ- Acquisition ofprop- ing all means necessary and appropriate for the purpose; and control erty. by regulatory processes having proved inadequate and insufficient to remedy the evils, it is in the judgment of Congress necessary to acquire property m the District of Columbia by gift, purchase, or the use of eminent domain to effectuate the declared policy by the discon- tinuance of the use for human habitation in the District of Columbia of substandard dwellings and of buildings in alleys and blighted areas, and thereby to eliminate the substandard housing conditions and the communities in the inhabited alleys and blighted areas in Modermuation. such District; and it is necessary to modernize the planning and development of such portions of such District. The Congress finds that the foregoing cannot be accomplished by the ordinary operations of private enterprise alone without public participation in the plan- ning and in the financing of land assembly for such development; Comprehensive and and that for the economic soundness of this redevelopment and the accomplishment of the necessary social and economic benefits, and by reason of the close relationships between the development and uses of any part of an urban area with the development and uses of all other parts the sound replanning and redevelopment of an obso- lescent or obsolescing portion of such District cannot be accomplished