Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 65.djvu/114

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62 Stat. 608. 60 U.S.C. app. § 454(g), (h). 64 Stat. 826. 50 U.S.C. app. §454 (i).

Reduction of periods of service. Authority.

National S e c u r i t y T r a i n i n g Commission.

National S e c u r i t y Training Corps.

PUBLIC LAW 61—JUNE 19, 1951

[65

STAT.

Force, with the approval of the Secretary of Defense (and the Secretary of the Treasury with respect to the United States Coast Guard), may provide, by regulations which shall be as nearly uniform as practicable, for the release from training and service in the Armed Forces prior to serving the periods required by subsection (b) of this section of individuals who volunteer for and are accepted into organized units of the Army National Guard and Air National Guard and other reserve components. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prevent any person, while in a reserve component of the Armed Forces, from being ordered or called to active duty in such Armed Force." (h) Subsections (g) and (h) of section 4 of such Act are repealed, (i) Paragraph (1) of section 4(i) of such Act is amended (1) by inserting after the word "subsections" the following: "6 (g), " and (2) by striking out "twenty-one" and inserting in lieu thereof "twenty-four". (j) Section 4 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof a new subsection as follows: " (k)(1) Upon a finding by him that such action is justified by the strength of the Armed Forces in the light of international conditions, the President, upon recommendation of the Secretary of Defense, is authorized, by Executive order, which shall be uniform in its application to all persons inducted under this title but which may vary as to age groups, to provide for (A) decreasing periods of service under this title but in no case to a lesser period of time than can be economically utilized, or (B) eliminating periods of service required under this title. "(2) Whenever the Congress shall by concurrent resolution declare—• " (A) that the period of active service required of any age group or groups of persons inducted under this title should be decreased to any period less than twenty-four months which may be designated in such resolution; or " (B) that the period of active service required of any age group or groups of persons inducted under this title should be eliminated, the period of active service in the Armed Forces of the age group or groups designated in any such resolution shall be so decreased or eliminated, as the case may be. Whenever the period of active service required under this title of persons who have not attained the nineteenth anniversary of the day of their birth has been reduced or eliminated by the President or as a result of the adoption of a concurrent resolution of the Congress in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this section, all individuals then or thereafter liable for registration under this title who on that date have not attained the nineteenth anniversary of the day of their birth and have not been inducted into the Armed Forces shall be liable, effective on such date, for induction into the National Security Training Corps as hereinafter established for initial military training for a period of six months. " (3) There is hereby established a National Security Training Commission (herein called the Commission), which shall be composed of five members, three of whom shall be civilians and two of whom shall be active or retired members of the Regular components of any of the Armed Forces. Of the three civilian members, not more than two shall be of the same political party. Members of the Commission shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from \mong persons of outstanding national reputation. The President shall select the Chairman of the Commission from \mong its civilian members. No person who has been on active duty as a commissioned officer in a regular component of the Armed Forces shall be eligible for appointment as a civilian member of the Commission. The Commission shall have a seal which shall be judically noted. At